Timelines: Empire Period - Late - Historical Ephemeris

The Historical Ephemeris

600 BCE - CE 2200

Astrological Cycles in History

Go to content

Timelines: Empire Period - Late

Timelines

PRINT PDF

Historical Ephemeris

Astro-historical timeline 4:
Classical Empire Period
Waning Neptune-Pluto hemicycle  163-412 CE

Key:
* = a period of change or a general trend
? = an uncertain date


If the text disappears at the bottom of a section on these tables, try reducing the text size on your browser by doing a text-only zoom-out.
If this doesn't work, click at the top-right of the page for a PDF version.

+163

163 NE OPPN PL Sc Ta

+

 

+164

ROME: Smallpox epidemic ravages Rome, spreads through Empire (164-80) (caught through Parthians)

164 NE OPPN PL Sc Ta

+

 

+165

EUROPE: major population reductions as result of epidemics, with resulting economic decline

165 NE OPPN PL Sc Ta

+

165 UR +tri NE Pi Sc

+166

CHINA: traders from Rome reach Tonkin (S China) by sea

166 NE OPPN PL Sc Ta

+

S AMERICA: zenith of influential Mochica metalworking period (Peru)

166 UR +tri NE Pi Sc

+167

GERMANY: Marcomanni war against German tribes moving over Danube, to 175

166 UR -sxt PL Pi Ta

+

167 NE OPPN PL Sc Ta

+168

167 UR +tri NE Pi Sc

168 UR Ar

+

167 UR -sxt PL Pi Ta

+169

168 UR +tri NE Pi Sc

169 UR Ar

+

169 UR +tri NE Pi Sc

169 NE Sg

+170

 

170 NE Sg

+

 

+171

171 UR -ssq PL Ar Ta

+

 

+172

MED'N: first Council of Bishops rejects Gnostic Christian teachings & Gnostic adherents

172 UR -ssq PL Ar Ta

+

 

+173

173 Sa CONJ UR Ar Ar

+

173 UR +sqt NE Ar Sg

+174

174 UR +sqt NE Ar Sg

174 PL Ge

+

 

+175

175 UR +sqt NE Ar Sg

175 PL Ge

+

 

175 UR Ta

+176

176 Sa CONJ PL Ge Ge

176 PL Ge

+

176 UR +sqt NE Ta Sg

176 UR Ta

+177

ROME: persecution of Christians (seen as disloyal troublemakers)

177 Sa OPPN NE Ge Sg

+

177 UR +sqt NE Ta Sg

+178

GERMANY: more stirrings in Germany by Marcomanni against Rome

178 Sa OPPN NE Ge Sg

+

 

+179

 

+

 

+180

BRITAIN: Scots defeat Romans, Romans retreat south of Hadrian's Wall

+

ROME: Emperor Commodus (180-192) (who considered himself a reincarnation of Hercules & Mithras)

 

+181

* ROME: beginning of unstable period and succession difficulties (180-93)

+

 

+182

ROME: conspiracy against Emp Commodus, failed (Commodus becomes more arbitrary & despotic)

 

182 UR Ge

+

 

+183

 

183 NE Cp

+

 

183 UR Ge

+184

CHINA: religious uprising of "Yellow Turbans", suppressed by regional warlords, gaining power

 

+

 

+185

185 UR CONJ PL Ge Ge

+

 

+186

ITALY: "Brigand Wars", outbreak of corruption and robbery in Italy

186 UR CONJ PL Ge Ge

+

 

+187

BRITAIN: widespread uprisings against Romans

+

N AFRICA: uprising in province of Africa (Tunisia) against Romans

+188

CHINA: ongoing insurgency, Loyang sacked (revolts against power of court eunuchs, Han decline)

 

+

 

+189

CHINA: massacre of court eunuchs by Yuan Shao (power now in hands of warlords)

189 UR Cn

+

MED'N: plague throughout Roman Empire

 

+190

* IDEAS: Galen of Pergamon (130-200) herbalist & physician, at peak of work in Alexandria

190 UR Cn

+

CHINA: Han Emp Hsien (190-220), puppet emperor (insecurity & regional warlords prevail)

 

+191

 

+

 

+192

SE ASIA: foundation of Champa kingdom (S Vietnam)

192 Sa OPPN PL Sg Ge

+

 

+193

ROME: Civil war in empire; emperor Commodus murdered 192; Severus emperor to 211

193 Sa OPPN PL Sg Ge

+

 

+194

BRITAIN: Albinus declares himself Roman emperor, killed at Lyons 197; British rebellious

194 UR OPPN NE Cn Cp

+

* N AFRICA: Carthage increasing in importance as a major city in Roman Empire

 

+195

* ROME: disturbance & regionalisation in Empire (loss of Roman control); Severus emp (195-211)

195 UR OPPN NE Cn Cp

+

* CHINA: rise of popular religious Taoism (longevity, pantheon, the Immortals; insecure times)

+196

196 UR OPPN NE Cn Cp

196 UR Le

+

196 Sa OPPN UR Cp Cn

+197

MIDEAST: Rome at last gains Mesopotamia securely

196 Sa CONJ NE Cp Cp

197 NE Aq

+

197 UR OPPN NE Le Aq

+198

197 Sa OPPN UR Aq Le

+

198 UR +ssq PL Le Ge

+199

ROME: ROMAN UNIVERSAL STATE: Severus ends prerogatives of Rome & Italy in Roman empire

199 UR +ssq PL Le Ge

+

ROME: abolition of tax-farming in Roman empire (by Severus); Roman imperial road system completed


Neptune opposition Pluto 163-67
Weakening of Later Han state, China; wars between Parthia & Rome in Iraq & Marcomanni wars against German tribes; smallpox plague in Roman empire - economic decline; 'Crisis in Ancient World' begins; dawn of Anasazi & Mogollon cultures, Arizona; Mochica metalworking period, Peru; rejection of Gnosticism in early Christian church


Uranus conjunct Pluto 185-86
Yellow Turbans uprising in China - warlordism; risings in Britain, N Africa and Italy against Rome; instability & unsurgency widespread across Eurasia


Uranus opposition Neptune 194-97
Civil war & regionalisation of Roman empire, followed by reforms; Bishop of Rome becomes dominant amongst Christian bishops; insecurity, puppet emperor in China; rise of Champa kgdm, S Vietnam; rise of popular Taoism in China; expansion of Hsiung-Nu conquests in C Asia

 

+200

MIDEAST: Afghanistan invaded by Hsiung-Nu (Huns) (occupied 200-540)

200 PL Cn

+

* ROME: Neo-Platonist period, last of the Greek philosophies

+

* ROME: Bishop of Rome becomes dominant as Christian Pope

+201

* C AMERICA: ZENITH OF MONTE ALBAN ZAPOTEC CULTURE, Oaxaca valley, Mexico

201 PL Cn

+202

* S AMERICA: ZENITH OF MOCHE STATE (200-400), coastal Peru

202 PL Cn

+

 

202 UR Vi

+203

 

203 UR Vi

+

 

+204

 

+

 

+205

BRITAIN: troubles in Britain (205-11): pressures from Scots and various regions

+

 

+206

206 NE -sqt PL Aq Cn

+

 

+207

207 NE -sqt PL Aq Cn

+

 

+208

BRITAIN: Severus campaigns in Britain to restore order, dies York 211; Hadrian's Wall rebuilt

208 Sa CONJ PL Cn Cn

208 UR Li

+

208 NE -sqt PL Aq Cn

+209

* C AMERICA: collapse of Southern Maya city-states after eruption of Mt Ilopango

209 NE -sqt PL Aq Cn

209 UR Li

+

 

+210

210 NE -sqt PL Aq Cn

210 NE Pi

+

 

+211

BRITAIN: Septimus Severus dies at York while visiting Britain

211 NE -sqt PL Aq Cn

211 NE Pi

+

ROME: Caracalla Emperor (211-17)

 

+212

ROME: Caracalla grants Roman citizenship to all free subjects of empire ('Civis Romanus sum')

212 UR +SQR PL Li Cn

+

and reduction of distinctions between Rome and its provinces

212 UR -sqt NE Li Pi

+213

ROME: debasement of currency and spiralling of inflation

213 UR +SQR PL Li Cn

+

213 Sa OPPN NE Vi Pi

+214

E EUROPE: Eastern Teutons (Goths, Burgundians, Gepids) settle by Black Sea

213 UR -sqt NE Li Pi

+

214 UR -sqt NE Li Pi

+215

215 UR -sqt NE Li Pi

215 UR Sc

+

 

+216

 

216 UR Sc

+

 

+217

ROME: Bishop Clixtus I (217-22) stresses exceptional status of Rome (rise of Papacy)

+

 

+218

ROME: introduction of Syrian cult of Baal in Rome under Elagabalus (218-22, Syrian)

218 Sa CONJ UR Sc Sc

+

218 HALLEY'S COMET

+219

219 UR -tri NE Sc Pi

+

219 Sa CONJ UR Sc Sc

+220

CHINA: end of Later Han through abdication: China splits into three states until 589

220 UR -tri NE Sc Pi

220 PL Le

+

ROME: Goths invade Asia Minor and Balkans

 

+221

CHINA: PERIOD OF THE THREE KINGDOMS (220-265): Wei (Loyang), Wu (Nanking) & Shu (Chengtu)

221 UR -tri NE Sc Pi

221 PL Le

+

W CHINA: rapid development of Szechwan (Sichuan) under Shu-Han minister Chuko Liang (221-234)

 

+222

ROME: Emperor Alexander Severus (222-235) (economic debasement & overcontrol)

222 UR -tri NE Sc Pi

222 UR Sg

+

CHINA: T'sao P'ei, Wei Emperor (excludes empresses & their families from exercise of regency)

 

+223

223 UR +tri PL Sg Le

+

 

+224

PERSIA: Papakan of Persia revolts against Parthians, founds Sassanid dynasty 226

224 UR +tri PL Sg Le

224 NE Ar

+

 

+225

INDIA: End of Andhra dynasty in Deccan; breakup of S India into smaller kingdoms

225 NE Ar

+

 

+226

226 Sa OPPN PL Aq Le

+

 

+227

PERSIA: ARDASHIR I FOUNDS SASANID EMPIRE (revives Zoroastranism, replaces Parthian

227 Sa OPPN PL Aq Le

+

feudalism with centrally administrated provinces ruled from the south)

 

+228

 

+

 

+229

229 UR +sqt PL Sg Le

229 UR Cp

+

 

+230

JAPAN: Sujin, 10th Emp of Japan (230-42) (Japanese records become historically accurate)

230 UR +sqt PL Cp Le

+

 

+231

ROME: Parthians and Marcomanni (Germans) compromise Roman peace, weakening empire

231 UR +sqt PL Cp Le

+

 

+232

232 Sa CONJ NE Ar Ar

+

 

+233

 

+

 

+234

 

+

 

+235

ROME: end of civilian government in Rome (since BC 27); 'Soldier Emperors' to 305

235 UR -SQR NE Cp Ar

235 PL Vi

+

* PERSIA: Ardashir Papakan subdues Kushan empire, gaining Bokhara & Afghanistan for Sasanids

+236

* EUROPE/MIDEAST: "CRISIS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD" begins as Roman order comes under attack

236 UR -SQR NE Cp Ar

236 PL Vi

+

 

+237

* MIDEAST: Persian incursions into Roman Mesopotamian territories, later repulsed

237 UR -SQR NE Aq Ta

237 UR Aq

+

 

237 NE Ta

+238

ROME: Gothic incursions into Roman empire begin

238 NE Ta

+

 

+239

 

+

 

+240

CHINA: the Three Classics are cut in stone (traditionalist Wei dynasty at Loyang)

240 Sa OPPN UR Le Aq

+

 

+241

241 Sa OPPN UR Le Aq

+

 

+242

 

+

 

+243

243 Sa CONJ PL Vi Vi

+

 

+244

PERSIA: accession of Sasanid Shapur I (241-72) on death of Ardashir; repels Roman invasion

244 UR Pi

+

 

+245

 

245 UR Pi

+

 

+246

 

+

 

+247

 

247 PL Li

+

 

+248

ROME: City celebrates 1000 years anniversary (under Julius Philippus, son of an Arabian sheik)

248 PL Li

+

 

+249

ROME: Decius (249-51) attempts to revitalise Rome and its own traditional religion

249 Sa OPPN NE Sc Ta

+

 

+250

* ROME: major persecution and martyrdom of Christians by Decius

+

EUROPE: bubonic plague spreads throughout Europe (250-65) (originating in Ethiopia)

 

+251

 

251 NE Ge

+

 

+252

* PERSIA: spread of apocalyptic, gnostic teachings of Mani (217-277), under tolerance from Shapur

252 NE Ge

+

 

252 UR Ar

+253

* ROME: weakening at borders of empire under Valerian, Emp (253-260) (Germany, Gaul & Persia)

253 UR -sxt NE Ar Ge

253 UR Ar

+

 

+254

254 UR -sxt NE Ar Ge

+

 

+255

 

+

 

+256

256 UR OPPN PL Ar Li

+

 

+257

E EUROPE: Goths invade Black Sea area of south Russia

257 UR OPPN PL Ar Li

+

IBERIA: Franks invade Spain; Allemani & Suevi invade N Italy, but are beaten back

+258

* ROME: economic crisis and inflation throughout Roman empire

258 UR OPPN PL Ar Li

+

 

+259

MIDEAST: after several battles (224, 253) Persian Shapur defeats Romans, captures Emp Valerian

259 UR OPPN PL Ar Li

259 UR Ta

+

ROME: emperor Galienus relaxes pressures on Christians (Church becomes incorporated in Empire)

259 PL Sc

+260

W EUROPE: empire of Gaul set up (France, Belgium, Britain) by romanised provincials, to 274

260 UR OPPN PL Ta Sc

260 UR Ta

+

* MIDEAST: rise of desert trading kingdom of Palmyra (Iraq)

260 PL Sc

+261

* ASIA: Chinese Buddhists begin pilgrimages to India (Bodhidharma)

261 UR OPPN PL Ta Sc

+

261 UR -ssq NE Ta Ge

+262

262 UR OPPN PL Ta Sc

+

262 Sa OPPN PL Ta Sc

+263

262 UR -ssq NE Ta Ge

+

263 UR -ssq NE Ta Ge

+264

263 Sa CONJ UR Ta Ta

264 NE Cn

+

263 Sa OPPN PL Ta Sc

+265

CHINA: Western Chin dynasty (265-317) nominally reunites & stabilises China (overthrowing Wei)

265 NE -sqt PL Ge Sc

265 NE Cn

+

 

+266

266 NE -sqt PL Cn Sc

266 UR Ge

+

 

+267

267 Sa CONJ NE Cn Cn

267 UR Ge

+

267 NE -sqt PL Cn Sc

+268

* ROME: line of strong emperors (268-84) (Aurelian, Marcus Aurelius) restores order to empire

268 NE -sqt PL Cn Sc

+

GREECE: Goths attack Athens, Sparta & Corinth

 

+269

269 NE -sqt PL Cn Sc

+

 

+270

ROME: restoration of imperial unity under Aurelian (270-275); revival of Roman unity and control

270 NE -sqt PL Cn Scl

+

* EUROPE: fortification of Roman towns (against barbarians & tax revolts); Dacia (Hungary) abandoned

 

+271

271 NE -sqt PL Cn Sc

+

 

+272

N AFRICA: Coptic St Anthony founds Christian monastic tradition in Egyptian desert

272 NE -sqt PL Cn Sg

272 PL Sg

+

 

+273

273 NE -sqt PL Cn Sg

273 UR Cn

+

 

+274

W EUROPE: empire of Gaul defeated by Aurelian

274 NE -sqt PL Cn Sg

274 UR Cn

+

ROME: Aurelian introduces solar cult of Emesa ('Sol Invictus'), assumes title 'Lord & God'

 

+275

275 NE -sqt PL Cn Sg

+

 

+276

PERSIA: Execution of Magian teacher Mani (to stamp out Manichaeism, good-evil philosophy)

276 NE -sqt PL Cn Sg

+

 

+277

277 NE -sqt PL Cn Sg

277 NE Le

+

 

+278

278 NE -sqt PL Cn Sg

278 NE Le

+

279 NE -sqt PL Le Sg

+279

279 UR -sqt PL Cn Sg

279 NE Le

+

280 Sa CONJ PL Sg Sg

279 UR Le

+280

CHINA: China temporarily reunified by Ch'in

280 NE -sqt PL Le Sg

280 UR Le

+

281 UR CONJ NE Le Le

+281

281 NE -sqt PL Le Sg

+

280 UR -sqt PL Le Sg

+282

281 UR -sqt PL Le Sg

+

282 UR CONJ NE Le Le

+283

282 UR -sqt PL Le Sg

+

 

+284

ROME: accession of Diocletian (West), and co-ruler Maximian (East) to 305; empire partitioned

 

+

ROME: decentralising reforms by Diocletian (284-305), to ease burdens on provinces & admin

 

+285

BRITAIN: Carausius (a Roman commander) proclaims himself independent emperor of Britain

285 UR -tri PL Le Sg

+

 

+286

286 UR -tri PL Le Sg

286 UR Vi

+

286 Sa OPPN NE Aq Le

+287

287 UR -tri PL Vi Cp

287 PL Cp

+

287 Sa OPPN UR Pi Vi

287 UR Vi

+288

288 Sa OPPN UR Pi Vi

+

 

+289

 

+

 

+290

* ROME: Roman army reorganised and enlarged; growing rule by central decree under Diocletian

 

+

 

+291

CHINA: North China fragments – 'Rebellion of the Eight Princes'

291 NE Vi

+

 

+292

 

292 NE Vi

+

 

292 UR Li

+293

 

293 UR Li

+

 

+294

 

+

 

+295

MIDEAST: Armenia becomes first state to adopt Christianity as its official religion

295 UR -SQR PL Li Cp

+

295 HALLEY'S COMET

+296

296 UR -SQR PL Li Cp

+

 

+297

ROME: Diocletian reorganises Roman empire into 12 dioceses, empire becomes hereditary monarchy

297 UR -SQR PL Li Cp

+

MIDEAST: Romans drive Persians out of Armenia & Iraq

297 Sa OPPN PL Cn Cp

+298

 

+

 

+299

299 UR +ssq NE Sc Vi

299 UR Sc

+

 

 


Uranus square Pluto 212-13
Collapse of southern Maya city-states, Mexico; Rome - universal empire, less centred on Rome; expansion of Germans/Goths in E Europe; seeds of Persian Sassanid empire; end of Later Han, division in China


Uranus square Neptune 235-37
End of civilian govt in Rome, empire harried by Goths & others from north; Sassanids expand into Bokhara & Afghanistan; decline of Kushan empire; imperial Japan consolidates


Uranus opposition Pluto 256-62
Barbarians (Franks, Allemani & Suevi) invade NW Europe & Spain; Gaul, Britain & Belgium declare independence of Rome; Persians capture Roman emperor; growth of Manichaeism in Persia; Christian church accepted in Roman empire; rise of Palmyra (Jordan)


Uranus conjunct Neptune 281-82
Order restored in Rome, empire divided East & West (roots of Byzantium); birth of Christian monastic tradition; growth of mayan high culture, Yucatan; China temporarily reunified by Ch'in


Uranus square Pluto 295-97
Breakup of N China; reorganisation of Roman empire; friction between Rome & Persia; Pallava dynasty, Madras, S India; Britain most prosperous part of Roman empire; Armenia adopts Christianity; classical Mayan period; Polynesian explorations in Pacific (Rapa Nui)

+300

* BRITAIN: peak of building of towns, roads, villas and works by Romano-British (300-350)

300 UR +ssq NE Sc Vi

+

* AMERICAS: MESOAMERICAN EARLY CLASSICAL PERIOD, THE MAYAN ERA (300-900, Yucatan)

+301

ROME: price controls against inflation, uprisings suppressed, borders secured

+

+302

* INDIA: Pallava (Persian origin) warrior dynasty (c300-888), capital Kanchi (nr Madras)

302 NE -tri PL Vi Cp

+

302 Sa CONJ NE Vi Vi

+303

ROME: last persecution of Christians (303-11)

303 NE -tri PL Vi Cp

+

* PACIFIC OCEAN: Polynesians settle Rapa Nui (Easter Island)

+304

CHINA: breakup of N China into Sixteen Kingdoms (Chinese, Hsiung-Nu, Mongol, Turkic, Tibetan)

304 NE -tri PL Vi Cp

+

* CHINA: est of Taoism as a popular religion by Ko Hung

+305

* CHINA: Hsiung-Nu settle Shensi & Shansi (forming base for future N Chinese domination)

305 NE -tri PL Vi Cp

305 PL Aq

+

BRITAIN: death of St Alban (first British christian martyr)

305 UR -sxt PL Sc Cp

305 NE Li

+306

ROME: abdication of Diocletian & Maximian, followed by dynastic difficulties

306 UR -sxt PL Sg Aq

306 UR Sg

+

BRITAIN: Constantinus I (Constantine) proclaimed emperor of Rome by his troops

306 NE -tri PL Li Aq

306 PL Aq

+307

* SE ASIA: beginning of introduction of Buddhism to SE Asia, from India (c300-400)

306 UR +sxt NE Sg Li

306 NE Li

+

307 NE -tri PL Li Aq

+308

* ROME: oppressive rule in Rome under Maxentius

307 UR -sxt PL Sg Aq

+

307 UR +sxt NE Sg Li

+309

PERSIA: Shapur II (309-37) becomes Sasanid emperor at birth

308 NE -tri PL Li Aq

+

+310

PERSIA: Persia invaded by Arabs of Bahrein; capital at Ctesiphon sacked

310 Sa CONJ UR Sg Sg

+

+311

CHINA: Hsiung Nu sack Loyang, one of China's two capitals

311 UR -ssq PL Sg Aq

+

+312

ITALY: Constantinus I invades Italy from France; begins to favour Christianity

312 UR -ssq PL Sg Aq

+

+313

ROME: Edict of Milan establishes toleration of Christianity & other religions in West Empire

313 UR Cp

+

BYZANTIUM: Licinius holds Eastern Roman Empire

+314

FRANCE: Council of Arles recognises primacy of Rome in Christian church

+

+315

315 Sa CONJ PL Aq Aq

+

+316

CHINA: Hsiung Nu sack Chang-An (China's main capital), dominating China by threat (317-589)

+

+317

CHINA: NORTHERN & SOUTHERN DYNASTIES divide China (317-589) (retarding cultural progress)

+

CHINA: Eastern Chin Dynasty (317-420) rules from Nanking

+318

+

+319

319 NE Sc

+320

C AMERICA: earliest dated plaque displaying Mayan calendrical system (Guatemala)

+

INDIA: CHANDRAGUPTA (320-30) founds Vedic GUPTA EMPIRE (uniting N India after 500 yrs division)

320 NE Sc

+

ROME: Constantinus I visibly supports Christian Church (much church building, promotion of Christians)

+321

ROME: city of Rome ceases to be capital of Empire (capital moves around N Italy with emperor)

321 UR +SQR NE Aq Sc

321 UR Aq

+

321 Sa OPPN NE Ta Sc

+322

322 UR +SQR NE Aq Sc

+

322 Sa OPPN NE Ta Sc

+323

ROME: Constantinus (Western emperor) defeats Licinius (Eastern emperor) at Adrianople & Chrysopolis

323 UR +SQR NE Aq Sc

+

* JAPAN: expansion of Imperial power: Prince Yamatodake subjugates Kumaso & Ainu peoples

+324

ROME: Constantinus the Great becomes sole ruler of reunited Roman empire (324-337) (absolute state)

324 UR +SQR NE Aq Sc

+

+325

MIDEAST: Council of Nicaea (first ecumenical bishops' council) banishes Arius' teachings (Arianism)

+

+326

+

+327

* INDIA: Buddhist Vasubandhu sets out classic Theravada philosophy

+

+328

* N AMERICA: dawn of HOHOKAM (300-1450), ANASAZI & MOGOLLON (200-1100) Cultures, Arizona

328 UR CONJ PL Aq Aq

328 UR Pi

+

328 PL Pi

+329

329 Sa OPPN PL Le Aq

329 UR Pi

+

329 PL Pi

+330

ROME: Constantinus moves Roman empire capital to newly-built Constantinople (founding Byzantium)

330 Sa OPPN UR Vi Pi

330 PL Pi

+

INDIA: Samudragupta (330-375) consolidates Gupta empire (patron of poetry & music)

330 Sa OPPN PL Vi Pi

+331

331 Sa OPPN UR Vi Pi

+

+332

+

+333

333 NE Sg

+

+334

* BRITAIN: Romanised Britain leading W Europe in artisanry & industry (prosperity & security)

+

+335

+

+336

336 NE -SQR PL Sg Pi

336 UR Ar

+

+337

ROME: death of Constaninus the Great ('founder of Christian Europe' and Byzantium)

337 NE -SQR PL Sg Pi

+

337 UR +tri NE Ar Sg

+338

BRITAIN: famine in England kills 40,000

338 NE -SQR PL Sg Pi

+

338 UR +tri NE Ar Sg

+339

PERSIA: persecution of Christians in Sasanid Persia (339-409, est of Zoroastran state religion)

339 NE -SQR PL Sg Pi

+

339 UR +tri NE Ar Sg

+340

ROME: empire divided in two -- Constans (West) and Constantius II (East)

339 Sa CONJ NE Sg Sg

+

ITALY: Athanasius introduces retreat-monasticism to Europe (from Near East)

340 NE -SQR PL Sg Pi

+341

340 UR +tri NE Ar Sg

+

341 UR +tri NE Ar Sg

+342

+

+343

343 UR +ssq PL Ta Pi

343 UR Ta

+

+344

344 UR +ssq PL Ta Pi

344 UR Ta

+

+345

* N AFRICA: Egyptian Coptic Christians found missions in Ethiopia

345 UR +sqt NE Ta Sg

+

+346

346 UR +sqt NE Ta Sg

+

+347

347 Sa CONJ PL Pi Pi

347 NE Cp

+

347 UR +sqt NE Ta Cp

+348

348 Sa CONJ PL Pi Pi

+

348 UR +sqt NE Ta Cp

+349

+

+350

MIDEAST: Persians regain Armenia from East Roman empire

350 UR Ge

+

* BRITAIN: piratic raids of Picts and Irish (Scoti) on Roman Britain

+351

MIDEAST: C Asian Hsiung Nu (Huna) harry Persia

351 UR Ge

+

+352

* AFRICA: Coptic Christianity established in Ethiopia

+

+353

353 Sa CONJ UR Ge Ge

+

+354

354 Sa CONJ UR Ge Ge

+

+355

? W EUROPE: mission of Ulfilas to the Goths (first major Christian mission beyond Roman empire)

+

+356

356 Sa OPPN NE Cn Cp

356 PL Ar

+

+357

* E AFRICA: overthrow of Meroe by expanding Axum (Ethiopia)

357 UR +SQR PL Cn Ar

357 PL Ar

+

357 Sa OPPN NE Cn Cp

357 UR Cn

+358

358 UR +SQR PL Cn Ar

358 PL Ar

+

358 UR Cn

+359

+

+360

BRITAIN: Picts & Scots break into England, beaten back 370 by Theodosius

+

E ASIA: Japan conquers Korea (for approx 100 yrs; Japan makes contact with Chinese culture)

+361

* W EUROPE: Franks settled in Belgium by Romans as barbarian confederate troops

361 NE Aq

+

ROME: Julian the Apostate (361-3) attempts to reinstate paganism in the Roman Empire

+362

362 Sa OPPN PL Li Ar

+

+363

363 UR Le

+

+364

364 NE -sxt PL Aq Ar

364 UR Le

+

+365

N AFRICA: Alexandria destroyed by earthquake, 50,000 killed, Pharos lighthouse destroyed

365 NE -sxt PL Aq Ar

+

365 UR OPPN NE Le Aq

+366

* INDIA: writing of Brahma Sutra (first clear expounding of Vedantas, from Upanishad tradition)

365 UR +tri PL Le Ar

+

366 UR OPPN NE Le Aq

+367

MED'N: finalisation of the composition of the Christian Bible (inclusion of Book of Revelation)

366 UR +tri PL Le Ar

+

BRITAIN: Roman Britain under attack from Picts, Scots, Saxons and Franks

367 UR OPPN NE Le Aq

+368

C ASIA: first Buddhist mission in Tibet

368 UR OPPN NE Le Aq

+

+369

369 UR Vi

+

+370

EUROPE: HSIUNG NU (Hun) invasions: BEGINNING OF DECLINE INTO EURASIAN 'DARK AGES'

370 UR +sqt PL Le Ar

370 UR Vi

+

+371

+

+372

E EUROPE: Hsiung Nu defeat the Alani (causing westward migration), invading Ukraine

+

+373

+

+374

374 HALLEY'S COMET

374 NE Pi

+

+375

E EUROPE: destruction of Ostrogothic kgdm in Ukraine by the Hsiung-Nu; Gothic migration westwards

375 NE Pi

+

EUROPE: BEGINNING OF MAJOR BARBARIAN MIGRATIONS (Völkerwanderung)

+376

ROME: Bishop Damascus I asserts teaching of the primacy of Rome (over Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria)

376 Sa CONJ NE Pi Pi

376 UR Li

+

C EUROPE: 80,000 Visigoths seek refuge in Roman empire (crossing Danube with nominal disarmament)

376 NE -ssq PL Pi Ar

+377

377 UR Li

+

+378

E EUROPE: Visigoths storm Balkans, killing Western Emperor Valens in Thrace

378 Sa OPPN UR Ar Li

+

+379

E EUROPE: Alaric, King of Visigoths (379-411) (initially pacific, later disappointed)

379 Sa OPPN UR Ar Li

+

379 Sa CONJ PL Ar Ar

+380

380 Sa CONJ PL Ar Ar

+

+381

ROME: Christian ecumenical Council of Constantinople

381 UR OPPN PL Li Ar

+

* S AMERICA: EXPANSION & CLASSICAL PHASE in TIAHUANACO state, upland Peru (375-700)

+382

EUROPE: Emperor Theodosius (379-395) resettles troublesomeVisigoths within Empire

382 UR OPPN PL Li Ar

382 UR Sc

+

+383

BRITAIN: Roman legions begin to evacuate Britain

383 UR -sqt NE Sc Pi

383 UR Sc

+

+384

384 UR -sqt NE Sc Pi

+

+385

385 UR -sqt NE Sc Pi

+

+386

* CHINA: Toba Tatars conquer Wei and reunify much of north China (Northern Wei dynasty, 386-534)

386 UR -sqt NE Sc Pi

+

+387

387 PL Ta

+

+388

INDIA: Chandragupta II extends Gupta territory over NW India (Punjab, Rajasthan)

388 NE Ar

+

388 PL Ta

+389

389 NE Ar

+

389 PL Ta

+390

390 UR -tri NE Sg Ar

389 UR Sg

+

390 UR Sg

+391

ROME: Christianity becomes state religion of Roman empire; heathen cults prohibited

391 UR -tri NE Sg Ar

+

391 Sa OPPN NE Li Ar

+392

ROME: Theodosius the Great (392-5) (last emperor of a united Roman Empire, Christian)

392 UR -tri NE Sg Ar

+

392 Sa OPPN NE Li Ar

+393

* PACIFIC OCEAN: Polynesians settle the Hawaiian Islands

393 UR -tri NE Sg Ar

+

+394

394 Sa OPPN PL Sc Ta

+

394 UR -sqt PL Sg Ta

+395

ROME: EMPIRE DIVIDED INTO EAST & WEST (on death of Theodosius)

395 Sa OPPN PL Sc Ta

+

395 UR -sqt PL Sg Ta

+396

E EUROPE: Alaric & Visigoths invade Greece & Balkans (396-9), Italy 401; battles with Huns

+

+397

397 UR Cp

+

+398

EUROPE: fathers of Latin Church: Jerome (340-420), Ambrose (340-97) & Augustine (354-430)

+

+399

* S AFRICA: Bantu herders & iron-workers settle southern Africa (displacing Khoisan peoples)

399 UR -tri PL Cp Ta

+

+400

? ROME: Jerome translates Bible into vulgate Latin (lingua franca of European culture)

400 UR -tri PL Cp Ta

+

* CHINA: Kumarajiva (344-413), major translator of Buddhist texts into Chinese, at work

+401

ITALY: Alaric & the Visigoths move into Italy from Balkans

401 Sa CONJ UR Cp Cp

401 NE Ta

+

ROME: Innocent I, Pope (401-17) claims custodianship of Apostolic Succession & Church

+402

402 NE Ta

+

+403

+

+404

404 UR Aq

+

+405

INDIA: Fu Hsien visits India (via C Asia) as Buddhist pilgrim (399-414) & commentator

405 UR Aq

+

+406

FRANCE: Alans, Vandals and Sueves (from Silesia) break across the Rhine and ravage France

+

FRANCE: foundation of Burgundian kingdom of Worms (settling of Germanic 'barbarians')

+407

E ASIA: Avars (Juan-Juan) found the first Mongol empire (407-553)

407 UR -SQR NE Aq Ta

+

* W AFRICA: flourishing of Jenne-Jeno, first African city (upper Niger river)

+408

ROME: Ravenna becomes capital of Empire (defensible against Visigothic threat)

408 UR -SQR NE Aq Ta

+

* INDIA: ZENITH OF GUPTA EMPIRE (Chandragupta II)

+409

IBERIA: Alans & Vandals enter south Spain, founding kgdm under Gunderic; Sueves enter central Spain

409 UR -SQR NE Aq Ta

+

PERSIA: brief tolerance for eastern Christians (Christians & Magians are rival religions in Persia)

409 UR -SQR PL Aq Ta

+410

ROME: ROME SACKED by ALARIC and the VISIGOTHS; Roman legions withdraw from outer empire

410 UR -SQR PL Aq Ta

+

FRANCE: Burgundians found Rhineland kingdom around city of Worms

410 UR -SQR NE Aq Ta

+411

ROME: Augustine's book "City of God" (written on fall of Rome)

411 NE CONJ PL Ta Ta

+

IBERIA: Sueves found a kingdom in Galicia, NW Spain (411-585)

411 Sa CONJ NE Ta Ta

+

ITALY: Alaric dies en route to Tunisia, seeking a Visigothic homeland; Ataulf leads Visigoths from Spain

411 Sa CONJ PL Ta Ta

+

C AMERICA: Tikal dominates Mayan culture (411-457) under king Stormy Sky

+412

PERSIA: terrible persecution of Nestorian Christians in Persia (stimulating migration to Asia)

412 NE CONJ PL Ta Ta

412 UR Pi

+


Uranus square Neptune 321-24


Uranus conjunct Pluto 328

Hsiung-Nu dominate N China, division of China into N & S dynasties; foundation of Vedic Gupta empire, India (zenith of Hindu culture); Japanese ascendancy; Constantine reunites Roman empire; Constantine & Christian church - Council of Nicaea; decline of city of Rome as Roman capital; building of Constantinople (future Byzantine capital); growth of Hohokam culture, zenith of Anasazi & Mogollon cultures, N America; Zoroastrianism becomes state religion in Persia; Vasubandhu sets out Theravada Buddhist philosophy


Neptune square Pluto 336-40
Roman empire divided in two (Latin & Greek spheres); monasticism enters Europe; Ethiopia becomes Christian; Hsiung-Nu (Huns) start moving west


Uranus square Pluto 357-58
Hsiung-Nu harry Persia; overthrow of Meroe by Axum (Ethiopia); Japan conquers Korea; rise of the Franks in Belgium


Uranus opposition Neptune 365-68
Composition of Christian Bible & Hindu Brahma Sutra (Vedantas); first Buddhist mission in Tibet; Hsiung-Nu invade Ukraine; beginning of European decline into 'Dark Ages'


Uranus opposition Pluto 381-82
Expansion & classical era of Tiahuanacu; Barbarian migrations in Europe (Völkerwanderung), Visigoths storm the Balkans; Toba Tatars reunify much of N China; expansion of Gupta kgdm in N India; final division of Roman empire, partial withdrawal from Britain


Neptune conjunct Pluto square Uranus 407-412
Rome sacked by Visigoths; Roman withdrawal from much of empire; barbarian settlement of Europe; Jerome translates Bible into Latin; migration of Nestorian Christians to C Asia; building of Teotihuacan, Mexico; Mochica culture, Peru; Japan opens relations with China

 

NEXT: Age of Light and Dark
BACK: Early Empire Period

The Historical Ephemeris © Copyright Palden Jenkins 1993-99


The Historical Ephemeris
by Palden Jenkins
Astro-historical tables for 2,500 years
Privacy: I'm not interested in your private data. This site collects stats to observe general traffic only. I'm not into capturing data, giving your data to others or making mailing lists. Any problems, please contact me. And: by necessity (big data tables) this site is not mobile phone friendly! Sorry. Enjoy your visit! Palden.
The Historical Ephemeris
This site is not mobile-friendly because many pages do not format correctly on small screens
Back to content