Chronological Timelines: Introduction - Historical Ephemeris

The Historical Ephemeris

600 BCE - CE 2200

Astrological Cycles in History

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Chronological Timelines: Introduction

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The Historical Ephemeris
Historical timelines

with summary astrological data

Introduction



These tables are dense with information. They require gradual study and contemplation – probably best printed out on paper for reference. You don't have to be an advanced astrologer to quickly start seeing patterns and correlations in the relationship between events and astrological phenomena.

The historical event-lists were compiled without reference to astrological motions, in order to avoid creating biased information. Astrological data was added after the compilation of the list. The compiler, an historian, has selected events and trends according to his assessment of the importance of different historical events and their symbolism or decisiveness in affecting large swathes of people or representing tendencies which, though they might involve but small numbers of people, nevertheless embody larger collective issues or affect larger numbers of people or the evolution of cultures. The compiler is open to receiving suggestions and additions to this list – though minor revisions to the list will not be frequent, owing to the technicalities and work involved.

The astrological data provided is in summary form only, to avoid excessive information-overload in this table. Full data of precise timings of aspects, ingresses and phenomena is given in the full tables which are yet to be posted on this ephemeris site.

The inclusion of a star * alongside an entry indicates a general period or trend in operation around that time.

As the tables progress through time, more events are recorded for each year. This arises from surviving records for more recent times being more comprehensive, together with an increase in global population leading to an objective increase in human activity and events.

Each entry is sorted into a rough geo-cultural category, indicating the world region it affects. As the tables progress, these regions shift – one example is the use of the word ISLAM, which refers to the Islamic world as a whole, crossing from India to Southern Europe, though this category does not appear until the dawn of Islam in the 700s CE. Similarly, GERMANY and HRE (the Holy Roman Empire) replace one another in different periods.

Astrological data

The core data involve aspects between Uranus, Neptune and Pluto, and ingresses of these planets into new signs (an ingress is the crossing of a planet from one zodiac sign to the next).

The tropical zodiac (not the sidereal zodiac of constellations) is used, in line with majority astrological opinion in the modern West.

Aspects used here include all aspects which are a multiple of 30° or 45°, and the major aspects of conjunction, opposition and square are shown emphasised in capitals.

The + and - symbols denote whether the aspect is a waxing or a waning one (with a waxing [+] aspect, the faster planet is moving away from the slower, moving from conjunction toward opposition, and with a waning [-] aspect, the faster planet moves toward the slower planet, from opposition toward conjunction).

Saturn oppositions and conjunctions (only) to the outer planets are also shown, since Saturn can at times tip balances and cause underlying astrological dynamics to surface in real-life, definitive events.

Chiron aspects and ingresses are shown from 1745 onwards only. The eccentric motions of the planetoid Chiron (discovered in 1977, and exerting a noticeable astrological influence) are insufficiently known and reliable to provide accurate data before this time.

This underlines one major reservation concerning all planetary data: longterm motions of Uranus, Neptune and Pluto are very accurately calculated (including algorithms which account for the mutual gravitational effects of planets on each other, which most astrological computer programs do not include, thus making historical data, especially of the outer planets, inaccurate as one moves further from the present epoch).

Key

The Outer Planets

UR

Uranus

NE

Neptune

PL

Pluto

CH

Chiron

Sa

Saturn

Ju

Jupiter


Aspects

CONJ

Conjunction

ssx

30°

Semisextile

ssq

45°

Semisquare

sxt

60°

Sextile

SQR

90°

Square

tri

120°

Trine

sqt

135°

Sesquiquadrate

qcx

150°

Quincunx

OPP

180°

Opposition


Zodiac Signs

Cp

Capricorn

Aq

Aquarius

Pi

Pisces

Ar

Aries

Ta

Taurus

Ge

Gemini

Ca

Cancer

Le

Leo

Vi

Virgo

Li

Libra

Sc

Scorpio

Sg

Sagittarius

These data are guaranteed to be accurate on the fair assumption that current observable motions of the outer planets have remained consistent throughout the historical period we are examining – from 600 BCE to the present day.

Events and emergent trends can show themselves before or after the precise time of an astrological aspect between two planets. So look at the noted event entries in the tables before and after an aspect as well as those entries for the same year – this applies particularly to major 'hard' aspects such as conjunctions, squares and oppositions.

Historical dates can vary from source to source – particularly in more ancient times. Also, a noted, tangible event can express the tone and theme of an astrological phenomenon before or after such a phenomenon, since astrological energies affect the psychology lying behind events rather than the events themselves. Thus, a battle, for example, can represent the outcome of decisions made or tendencies begun some time before. In some cases they can anticipate astrological phenomena too, as if clearing the way for new possibilities to emerge. Yet there also are events which occur exactly at the time of an astrological phenomenon too. This is where a little lateral thinking and interpolation is necessary, since history and human affairs are not mechanical, and astrological influences are not directly deterministic – in between astrological influences and identifiable events lie human free-will, which tends to determine whether an energy-tendency gets expressed or blocked. Radical-progressive and resistant-conservative influences in society determine this.

As the tables progress toward modern times, increasing space has been given in the tables for historical events. This is because, particularly since the Renaissance, events have indeed speeded up and intensified – partially as a result of population growth (that is, there are more people experiencing and creating things, and the 'psycho-social space' on our planet has increased, even though geographical space and calendrical timing remain more or less constant.


Part Two
Chronological timelines

with astrological data

600BCE to 2000CE

For viewing onscreen, visit the web-pages
For printing out, use the PDFs


   1. Ancient Period | 577–83BCE
   Formative  577-334BCE   PDF
   Classical  334-83BCE   PDF
2. Empire Period | 83BCE-412CE
   Earlier  83BCE-163CE   PDF
   Later 163-412CE   PDF
3. Light/Dark Ages | 412-905
   Earlier  412-657   PDF
   Later  657-905   PDF
4. Medieval Period | 905-1398
    Early  905-1152   PDF
    High  1152-1398   PDF
5. Early Modern Period | 1398-1892
   The Renaissance  1398-1643   PDF
   Age of Revolutions  1643-1892   PDF
6. Global Period | 1892 to today
   Twentieth Century  1892-2000   PDF

VIEWING THE TIMELINES ONSCREEN: if the text overlaps the bottom of each section, causing some of it to disappear, then reduce the size of the text by zooming out by one notch (VIEW/ZOOM).


PRINTING NOTES. If you wish to print out any or all of the timeline pages, don't print the HTML page itself - there will probably be printing errors. Instead, look at the top-right of each timeline page, click and download a PDF file of the page for printing out.


NEXT: Timeline: Ancient Period 1

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The Historical Ephemeris © Copyright Palden Jenkins 1993-99


The Historical Ephemeris
by Palden Jenkins
Astro-historical tables for 2,500 years

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