Footnotes and Links - Shining Land

Shining Land
The ancient sites of West Penwith, Cornwall
Palden Jenkins
Shining Land
and what they tell us about megalithic civilisation
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Footnotes and Links

Footnote Links

Footnotes and links to complex and incomprehensible web-addresses are given here.
All links were correct in November 2021. If a link goes out of date, try Googling the title, or go to to find it on the WayBack Machine - an archive of past web-pages.

1,  Cunliffe, Barry, Britain Begins, OUP, 2012. Also: Paulsson, B Schulz, Radiocarbon dates and Bayesian modeling support maritime diffusion model for megaliths in Europe, PNAS, 2019.
2. Pool, P A S, The Place Names of West Penwith, Fedn of Old Cornwall Societies, 1973.
3. Burl, Aubrey, A Guide to the Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany, Yale Univ, 1995 & 2005, p18.
6. Video lecture: . The book is out of print (collector’s value), but try here: . For a comprehensive list of alignments in West Penwith:
7. An interesting statistical analysis from 1976 by Gadsby and Squire:
8. Lockyer, Sir Norman, Stonehenge and Other British Stone Monuments Astronomically Considered, 1909.
9. Watkins, Alfred, Early British Trackways, Moats, Mounds, Camps and Sites, Hereford, The Watkins Meter Co., 1922, full digital text
10. Watkins, Alfred, The Old Straight Track: Its Mounds, Beacons, Moats, Sites and Mark Stones, 1925, Methuen & Co. Ltd. London, 1933 (2nd edition), full digital text
12. Schumann Resonances and their Effect on Human Bioregulation, Bioregulatory Medicine Inst, 2019.
13. The Dragon Project and the Talking Stones, Don Robins, New Scientist, 21 Oct 1982. Online republication: | The Dragon Project Trust:
14. For a list of references on Soviet parapsychology, the CIA Library is useful:
15. Brooker, Charles, Magnetism and the Standing Stones, New Scientist, 13 Jan 1983. See also, Gawn, Billy, Up & Down & Round & Round, Mid-Atlantic Geomancy, 1996.
17. Graves, Tom, Needles of Stone, Turnstone Books, 1978, Grey House in the Woods, 2008.
18. (scroll down to ‘John Henry Nelson’);
19. The Hundred Monkey Project: (an archive version of a 1990s website)
20. Yuksel, Serdar & Eroğlu, Özgür, The Role of Orgone Accumulators and Electromagnetıc Waves in Plant Development, 2019.
In_Plant_Development | Blasband, R A, The Orgone Energy Accumulator in the Treatment of Cancer in Mice, J Subtle Energies and Energy Medicine, Vol 2, 2,
21. Sharp, Adam, Treryn Dinas – cliff castles reconsidered, Cornish Archaeology, 31, pp65-68, 1992.
22. Bevan, A, et al, Holocene fluctuations in human population demonstrate repeated links to food production and climate, PNAS, 2018.  See also:
23. Bradley, R and Sanjuán, LG, Sudden time? Natural disasters as a stimulus to monument building, from Silbury Hill (Great Britain) to Antequera (Spain),
24. Sig Lonegren, The Role Of Dowsing, 2004.
25. Quantum Entanglement. Start here:
26. Heath, Robin, New Evidence for Megalithic Surveying, 2012.
27. For some insights, try this 90-min video by Knights Rose, The Spirit of the Serpent, featuring Hamish Miller and other leading dowsers:
28. Oft quoted by dowser Sig Lonegren from Vermont, USA – Twylah Nitsch was one of his teachers. The Seneca are part of the Algonquin nation of north-eastern Turtle Island (North America).
29. Davies, Simon R, The Early Neolithic Tor Enclosures of Southwest Britain, Univ Birmingham, p169ff,
30. Michell, John, The Sacred Center – the ancient art of locating sanctuaries, Inner Traditions, 2009.
32. Brief biographies of Penwith’s main antiquarians:
33. Photos of simulacra at Pordenack Point:
34. Mȇn, maen and the variations you see in this paragraph are pronounced mayn, meaning ‘stone’. It’s maen in Welsh too. Unlike Welsh, Cornish spelling and its anglicisation have not been standardised.
36. Kenidjack Castle or Cape Kenidjack is no relation to Carn Kenidjack inland – their names have different sources but they seguéd together in times past. For information on place names see Craig Weatherhill’s Place Names of the Land’s End Peninsula, Penwith Press, 2017.
37. Broadhurst, Paul, Miller, Hamish & Shanley, Vivienne, The Dance of the Dragon, Pendragon Partnership, 2000.
38. Broadhurst, Paul, and Miller, Hamish, The Sun and the Serpent, Mythos, 1990.
39. Walsh, Terry, Global Sacred Alignments, Library of Avalon, Glastonbury, 1996.
43. Tilley, C and Bennett, W, An Archaeology of Supernatural Places – the case of West Penwith, J Royal Anthropological Inst, vol 7, 2, 2001.
44. See Kenny Price’s blog:
46. Photos of Penwithian simulacra:
48. Bonnington, Paul, Chapel Carn Brea and the Nanjulian Barrows, Meyn Mamvro 57, Summer 2005.
49. Source: Tim Stevens, personal communication.
51. Michell, John, Old Stones of Land’s End, Garnstone Press Ltd., 1974.
52. Coats, Callum, The Water Wizard: The Extraordinary Properties of Natural Water, Gateway Books, 1998.
53. Tilley, C, and Bennett, W, An Archaeology of Supernatural Places: The Case of West Penwith, J Royal Anthropological Inst, v7, 2, 2001. JSTOR,
54. Cooke, Ian, Journey to the Stones, Mȇn an Tol Studio, 1996.
55. Bonnington, Paul, Chapel Carn Brea – a ceremonial centre, Meyn Mamvro 53, 2004.
56. Sanchez-Quinto, Frederico et al, Megalithic tombs in Western and Northern Europe were linked to a kindred society, PNAS, 2019.
58. Discovered by local roving researcher Lucas Nott, who produced a map of sites he has investigated:
59. Freud, Sigmund, Civilisation and its Discontents, London, 1930. Online digital version:
60. In rural areas where the signal is low, the search signal from your phone is broadcast extra strongly, seeking a transmitter to handshake with. Similarly, ongoing data transfers are broadcast stronger. So, paradoxically, the toxic effects of phones can be greater in rural than in urban areas.
62. See Kennett, Caroline and Straffon, Cheryll, Watching the Sun, booklet and download:
63. Goodwin, Sam, An Interpretation of Kemyel-Swingate:
66. Cooke, Ian McNeil, Journey to the Stones, Men-an-Tol Studio, Cornwall, 1987, p83.
67. A good starter is Alexander Thom – Cracking the Stone Age Code by Robin Heath, Bluestone Press, 2007.
68. There are several types of flattened and egg-shaped circles, first identified by Prof Alexander Thom. Thom, A, Megalithic Sites in Britain, Oxford, 1971. PDF:
69. Goskar, Tom, Neolithic Breton-style Rock-art at Boscawen-un stone circle, 2015.
70. Jenkins, Palden, Power Points in Time – and how time passes, Penwith Press, 2015. An astrologer’s understanding of the nature of time, its cycles and patterns.
71. Heath, Richard, Sacred Number and the Lords of Time, Inner Traditions, 2014.
72. Gawn, Billy, The Eclipse in Cornwall, BSD, 1999.
73. Heath, Robin, Cracking the Stone Age Code, Bluestone Press, 2007.
74. Knight and Lomas have proposed that the megalithic yard is based on the orbit of the earth round the sun, and the rotation and mass of the earth. Knight, Christopher & Lomas, Robert, Uriel’s Machine – the ancient origins of science, Arrow, 2000. See also:
75. Neal, John (Nosher), All Done with Mirrors, Wooden Books, 2016.
76. Michell, John, View over Atlantis, 1969, and The Old Stones of Land’s End, 1974.
77. Video explanation:  and see also Heath, Robin, The Moon and Ancient Calendars,
79. A broad claim too big to examine here, but here’s a parapsychology reading list compiled by CIA researchers: | See also: Sheldrake, Rupert, Can Morphic Fields Help Explain Telepathy and the Sense of Being Stared At?, Mindfield 11, 1, 2019.
80. Graves, Tom, Needles of Stone, Grey House in the Woods, 2008.
81. See Meyn Mamvro 74 and 93.
82. Lock, G, and Ralston, I, Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland, Oxford Univ:
83. Graves, Tom, Needles of Stone, 1978, 1986, 2008, 2014, p72.
84. Prayer and Health: Review, Meta-Analysis and Research Agenda:
85. Weatherhill, Craig, Caer Brân: More Than Just a Hillfort, Meyn Mamvro 43, Autumn 2000.
86. Wood, Jacqui, A New Perspective on West Cornwall Courtyard Houses, Cornish Archaeology, 36, 1997.
87. Fogous in the Maen Mamvro Archive:
88. Maclean, Rachel, The Fogou – an investigation of function, Cornish Archaeology, 31, pp41-64, 1992.
89. Cooke, Ian McNeil, Mother and Sun: the Cornish Fogou, Men and Tol Studio, 1993.
91. Bartholomew, Alick, Hidden Nature, Floris Books, 2003. Coats, Callum, The Water Wizard, Gateway Books, 1995, available as a PDF:
92. For more on holy wells, see:
93. Weatherhill, Craig, The Promontory People: An Early History of the Cornish, Francis Boutle Publishers, 2018.
94. An exception is The Romance of the Stones, by Robin Payne and Rosemary Lewsey, 1999, p6.
96. Knight, Christopher & Lomas, Robert, Uriel’s Machine, Random House, 1999, p72.
97. An ancient strain of plague may have led to the decline of Neolithic Europeans, Science Daily, 6 December 2018.
98. Chief Dan George, I am a Native of North America, several online sources, such as
99. Maria Gimbutas wrote three noteworthy books in English: The Goddesses and Gods of Old Europe (1974); The Language of the Goddess (1989), and The Civilization of the Goddess (1991).
100. Cunliffe, Barry, The Ancient Celts, second ed, Oxford Univ Press, 2017, Ch 3.
101. Ancient Britons ‘replaced’ by Newcomers, BBC News, 2018. | Olalde, I, et al, The Beaker Phenomenon and the Genomic Transformation of Northwest Europe, 2017.
103. Knight, Christopher & Lomas, Robert, Uriel’s Machine, Random House, 1999
104. An interesting take on this is the book Saharasia: the 4000 BCE Origins of Child Abuse, Sex-Repression, Warfare and Social Violence in the Deserts of the Old World, by James DeMeo, Natural Energy Works, 1998.
105. For a list of Britain’s Celtic tribes: – these tribes were recorded around the time of the Roman occupation in the late iron age.
106. Weatherhill, Craig, The Promontory People, 2018, p30. See also the postscript on genetics, p209.
107. A collection of literature from primary sources telling the early history of Britain. See
108. Tilley, Christopher and Bennett, Wayne, The Archaeology of Supernatural Places, J Royal Anthropological Inst, Vol 7, No 2, 2001, pp335-362.
109. Isles of Scilly Historic Environment Research Framework, Updated Resource Assessment and Research Agenda 2019, Cornwall Archaeological Unit,
111. Pennick, Nigel, Lyonesse – the Legend and the Land, Meyn Mamvro 8, Spring 1989.
112. A Sea of Small Boats by Gary Robinson:
113. Anderson-Whymark, Hugo, et al, Microliths and maritime mobility: a continental European-style Late Mesolithic flint assemblage from the Isles of Scilly, Antiquity Publications, 2015.
114. Isles of Scilly Historic Environment Research Framework, Updated Resource Assessment and Research Agenda 2019, Cornwall Archaeological Unit,
115. Sawyer, Katharine, Isles of the Dead?, Archaeopress, 2015, p118.
116. Broadhurst, Paul and Miller, Hamish, The Sun and the Serpent, Penwith Press/Mythos, 1990.
117. Walsh, Terry, Global Sacred Alignments, Library of Avalon, Glastonbury, 1996.
118. Broadhurst, Paul and Miller, Hamish, The Dance of the Dragon, Penwith Press/Mythos, 2000.
119. Astrological identification of such peak times is detailed in Power Points in Time, Palden Jenkins, Penwith Press, 2015.
120. See The Historical Ephemeris at which demonstrates how historical events and megatrends go hand in hand with major configurations of the outer planets of our solar system.
121. For a podcast about Botrea Barrows:
122. Oschman, James L Oschman et al, The effects of grounding (earthing) on inflammation, the immune response, wound healing, and prevention and treatment of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, J Inflamm Res. 2015; 8: 83–96.
123. Craig Weatherhill reported this in a post on the CASPN Facebook page in July 2018. Of its slight relocation in the iron age, he said: “Had it been built concentrically [in the bronze age position], you could not have seen Caer Bran in the shallow saddle between Dry Carn and Tregerest Hills to the south, but built where it actually is, you can see it – so intervisibility of the two forts, where a signal from one could be seen from the other, was an essential requirement”. This suggests that Chûn’s original purpose, before it became a metalworking stronghold in the iron age, might have been more social and ceremonial, and the relocation was strategic.
125. Heath, Richard, Sacred Number and the Lords of Time, Inner Traditions, 2014.
126. Mid-Atlantic Geomancy, Sig Lonegren’s website:
127. The Magical World of Ivan McBeth:
128. Thomas, Andy, An Introduction to Crop Circles, Wessex Books, 2011. Haselhoff, Eltjo, The Deepening Complexity of Crop Circles, Frog Books, 2001. Pringle, Lucy, with James Lyons, The Energies of Crop Circles, Inner Traditions, 2019. Alexander, Steve and Karen, Crop Circles: Signs, Wonders and Mysteries, Arcturus, 2009. Toftenes, Terje, Crop Circles: Crossovers from Another Dimension, 2006,
129. Jenkins, Palden, The Essence of a Crop Formation Lies in its Empty Innermost,
130. Davis, Beth, ed, Ciphers in the Crops – the fractal and geometric circles of 1991, Gateway Books, 1992.
131. Where is Science Going?, Max Planck, first published 1932, taken from a discussion with Einstein.
132. For a good explanation of lunar maxima and minima, see Irigaray, Christian, From Thales to Stonehenge: how eclipses were predicted in prehistory by 3100 BCE,
133. See Caroline's blog at and the booklet Watching the Sun, available online at
135. McTaggart, Lynne, The Field: the Quest for the Secret Force of the Universe, Element, 2003.
136. About the aims and methods of the Flying Squad:
137. An introduction to Lovelock’s Gaia hypothesis:
138. Try: Procter, Roy and Ann, Healing Sick Houses, Penwith Press, 2021. They worked on my house some years ago and, within weeks, tricky problems with damp, rats, cats, neighbours, leaks and roadworks all disappeared!
139. Ereira, Alan, The Heart of the World, Jonathan Cape, London, 1990.
140. See Alan Ereira’s film Aluna – there is no life without thought:
142. Verbally communicated during a field tour at the CASPN Pathways to the Past weekend, 2017.
143. Toynbee, A J, A Study of History, abridged version, various editions 1957-1972. Online PDF: The essence of Toynbee’s theory of history is briefly explained here:
144. Planck, Max, Scientific Autobiography and Other Papers, Philosophical Library, New York, 1950.
145. Debertolis, Paolo and Bisconti, Niccolo, Archaeoacoustics in Ancient Sites, SB Research Group,; Cook, Ian A, et al, Ancient Architectural Acoustic Resonance Patterns and Regional Brain Activity, Time and Mind, 2008.; Till, Rupert, Songs of the Stones – the acoustic culture of Stonehenge, J Intl Assn for the Study of Popular Music, 2010,
146. An interesting account of this modern magical interaction is found in Rupert White’s book, The Re-Enchanted Landscape – earth mysteries, paganism and art in Cornwall 1950-2000, Antenna Press, 2017.
147. Jones, Andy M, ‘Archaeological Excavations at Bosiliack, Madron, Cornwall’, Cornish Archaeology 52, 2013.

Shining Land
A book by Palden Jenkins about the ancient sites of West Penwith in Cornwall
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