Alignment and Ancient Site Lists for West Penwith, Cornwall - Shining Land

Shining Land
The ancient sites of West Penwith, Cornwall
Palden Jenkins
Shining Land
and what they tell us about megalithic civilisation
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Alignment and Ancient Site Lists for West Penwith, Cornwall

Interesting
Alignment and Ancient Site Lists
for West Penwith, Cornwall

Alignments list: compiled by Ray Cox of Meyn Mamvro, drawn from a variety of researchers over time.
Ancient sites list: drawn from the Map of Ancient Sites in West Penwith, compiled by Palden Jenkins.

Download a PDF (updated spring 2021, can be printed out):
The Ancient Site list is shown below.
Ancient Sites in West Penwith
Selected list of surviving ancient sites in West Penwith

Go to the map to see where they are (you can zoom in close), and for more details, and for links to online references for each site. To find a site, copy-paste its latitude and longitude into the search box on the map.
Aka = also known as.

Stone Circles
Existing or destroyed and verified stone circles, Bronze Age.

BOSCAWEN-ÛN Stone circle, well preserved, centrally placed in the peninsula and of national significance. Inclined off-centre stone. Quartz stone. Oval in shape. Overlooked by Chapel Carn Brea. SW 4122 2736. 50.089857 -5.619272.
MÊN AN TOL Formerly a stone circle. Includes one unique and iconic holed stone, three standing stones, six recumbent, one possible stone and a possible cairn. The holed stone might have been located off-centre inside the stone circle, or as part of its perimeter. SW 4264 3493. 50.158134 -5.605106.
MERRY MAIDENS Stone circle, intact, aka Dawns Mên. Accessible from the road. See also Tregurnow. Its local landscape is obscured by the newer agricultural landscape surrounding it. SW 4326 2458. 50.065789 -5.588945.
NINE MAIDENS Boskednan or Nine Maidens stone circle. Damaged, most stones remaining, with inspiring upland location. Overlooked by Carn Galva. SW 4342 3513. 50.160582 -5.593765.
TREGESEAL Tregeseal East stone circle. Intact, originally one of two (see Tregeseal West). Enclosing wall obscures an important view of Scilly. Overlooked by Carn Kenidjack, the earliest site of this complex. SW 3866 3237. 50.133703 -5.658415.
Tregeseal West Tregeseal W stone circle, destroyed. Originally the larger of the two. A third possible circle, visible as crop marks, is reckoned to be a large kerbed cairn or a ceremonial hut circle. Many stones from this circle now lie recumbent in the field hedge. SW 3860 3237. 50.13369 -5.65911.
Tregurnow Destroyed stone circle - last remnants removed in 2006. Might have been large. Located on brow of hill overlooking Lamorna valley. Part of Merry Maidens complex. SW 4375 2455. 50.065732 -5.5820923.
See also Higher Trevorian, Redhouse, Rosemergy and Treen Common in Queried Sites below.

Quoits
Neolithic quoits (cromlechs or dolmens), built in the mid-3000s BCE.

BOSPORTHENNIS Small Neolithic quoit or large cist, damaged. SW 4356 3654. 50.173271 -5.5927983.
CHÛN Quoit, intact and well preserved. Clearly related to Chûn Castle, another Neolithic site. SW 4023 3396. 50.1486 -5.63771.
LANYON Lanyon Quoit, with two nearby cairns, one a Neolithic longbarrow. Quoit was incorrectly restored over a century ago by a Capt Giddy after damage by a storm. Accessible from the road (not wheelchairs). SW 4298 3369. 50.147438 -5.59898.
MULFRA Damaged or deliberately decommissioned quoit, with a panoramic location with St Michael's Mount prominent. Worth visiting. SW 4518 3536. 50.163378 -5.569367.
SPERRIS Damaged quoit, difficult to find. Paired with neighbouring Zennor Quoit. SW 4709 3826. 50.190227 -5.544605.
WEST LANYON Damaged quoit. According to tradition, covered with an earthen barrow, removed in 1803 to reveal a chamber containing a broken urn, ashes and some human bones.  SW 4231 3378. 50.14798 -5.60837.
ZENNOR Damaged or decommissioned quoit, still reasonably intact and worth a visit. SW 4688 3802. 50.187984 -5.547368.
See also Giant's Grave and Grumbla Cromlech in Queried Sites list below.

Circular Enclosures
Bronze age circular enclosures built for ceremonial purposes or as moot places, built around 1800ish BCE. Three (not including Bartinney) are aligned on a summer solstice sunrise alignment.

BARTINNEY CASTLE Hilltop circular sacred enclosure with cairns and well. Panorama over the sea and the Scillies. SW 3944 2932. 50.106715 -5.6453807. 'The Hill of Fires' - Lake, 1868. Legend has it that evil cannot reach you within the enclosing ring.
CAER BRÂN Sacred enclosure with three Bronze Age ring cairns and an exactly round enclosing bank. Probably a moot and parliament site for Penwith, located at a major trackway crossroad. SW 4075 2903. 50.104642 -5.6269622.
CASTLE AN DINAS Circular hilltop enclosure (officially an Iron Age multivallate hillfort), probably ceremonial or serving social gathering purposes as a moot and market place. SW 485 350. 50.161584 -5.5229297.
PORDENACK POINT Clifftop ceremonial place. Remains of circular enclosure 90m in diameter, with barrows inside. Probably Bronze Age. Many rock simulacra nearby. | SW 346 241. 50.058426 -5.7091432.

Tor Enclosures
Neolithic hilltop tor enclosures built around 3700-3500 BCE.

CARN GALVA Prominent two-peaked granite outcrop and Neolithic hilltop enclosure (c3700 BCE), aka Carn Galver. With rock platforms and placed and propped stones. SW 4256 3639. 50.171456 -5.6067374.
CARN KENIDJACK Carn Kenidjack, aka the Hooting Tor. Neolithic tor enclosure and the oldest site in the Tregeseal complex. SW 3879 3297. 50.139141 -5.6569923.
TRENCROM HILL Neolithic tor enclosure and Iron Age hill camp, with holy well. SW 5172 3625. 50.174144 -5.478555.
Hill Camps Hill camps (hillforts) serving as gathering places or granges with defensive or security qualities.
ST MICHAEL'S MOUNT An island since around 1700 BCE – before that it was a mile or so inland from the coast. Major node on the Michael and Apollo lines, and a remarkable place. Neolithic tor and cliff sanctuary, with multiple historic layers. Managed by the National Trust. Type Three. SW 5143 2984. 50.117048 -5.477489.

Other Enclosures
Neolithic and Bronze Age hilltop enclosures.

CHÛN CASTLE Hill camp and stronghold, Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Age. Involved in the tin trade and crafts. A well is inside the camp. SW 4051 3395. 50.148671 -5.6337195.
LESINGEY ROUND Hill camp (not a round). More interesting than reported in archaeological records. Earliest finds go back to the Mesolithic. This is a major alignment node. SW 454 304. 50.118951 -5.56298.
FAUGAN ROUND Faugan Round, enclosure or hill camp (hillfort) with double banks and two enclosures within the main enclosure. Likely to be a site for social gatherings. There is a suggestion it might have been a henge, but this would be unusual for this area. SW 4517 2821. 50.099230 -5.5647009.
LESCUDJACK CASTLE Lescudjack hillfort. Hill camp in a strategic defensive position. Reputedly the stronghold of a Cornish princess. Possibly a trading place. SW 475 310. 50.125645 -5.5334616.
Treen Circle Large camp and settlement or 'promontory fort', certainly Iron Age and possibly Neolithic, protecting the cliff sanctuary of Treryn Dinas. SW 397 222 50.042879 -5.63696

Cliff Sanctuaries
Sanctified coastal cliff headland sanctuaries (cliff castles), often ascribed to the Iron Age but going back to the Neolithic (3000s BCE).
Type One: with Bronze or Iron Age rampart. Type Two: higher peak or platform with lower outlying rock. Type Three: island or prominent headland, often an alignment hub.

BOSIGRAN CASTLE Cliff sanctuary with logan rock, oriented stones (pointing to Pendeen Watch), 'council circle', 'sage's seat' and other features. Type One. Frequented by climbers. SW 4169 3688. 50.175510 -5.619163.
CAPE CORNWALL Headland with destroyed cliff sanctuary going back to the Bronze Age. Aka Kulgyth Ust or Kilgooth Ust (St Just's goose-back) or Penkurnow. Once thought of as Cornwall's most westerly point - the original Land's End. Type Three. An alignment hub. SW 350 319. 50.127, -5.706.
CARN LÊS BOEL Cliff sanctuary with gateway menhirs, boundary bank and tumuli. Dramatic. Seal caves underneath - one now a collapsed cavern (possibly in Middle Ages). Western end of Michael Line. Type One. SW 3567 2323. 50.050357 -5.6938421.
GURNARD'S HEAD aka Trereen Dinas cliff sanctuary. Made of greenstone, not granite. Iron age huts found on eastern side slope. Type One. SW 432 386. 50.191605 -5.599221.
KENIDJACK CASTLE Cliff sanctuary with huts, a series of banks and an oriented stone. Signs of artisan activity. Type One. SW 355 326. 50.134367 -5.702697.
MAEN CASTLE Cliff sanctuary - reckoned one of the oldest in Cornwall. Type One. Thought of as Iron Age, it's probably Neolithic in origin. SW 3476 2576. 50.072649 -5.70828.
PENDEEN WATCH Pen Dyn cliff sanctuary (destroyed by the building of lighthouse and house). Type Two. SW 3797 3590. 50.165081 -5.6704773.
ST IVES HEAD Pen Dinas, aka St Ives Island. Type Three. SW 5208 4115. 50.218326 -5.4766763.
ST MICHAEL'S MOUNT An island since 1700 BCE only – before that it was a mile or so inland from the coast. Major node on the Michael and Apollo lines, and a remarkable place. Neolithic tor and cliff sanctuary, with multiple historic layers. Managed by National Trust. Type Three. SW 5143 2984. 50.117048 -5.477489.
TOL PEDN PENWITH Gwennap Head/Tol Pedn Penwith cliff sanctuary, located on Britain's southwesternmost point. Type Two. SW 3672 2180. 50.03798 -5.67821. Hella Point: cliff promontory with simulacra, part of cliff sanctuary. SW 3707 2144. 50.034911 -5.6731067
TRERYN DINAS Logan rock and promontory with cliff sanctuary, also with upper gathering area called Treen Circle. Type One. SW 3972 2198. 50.040937 -5.6365979.

Cairnfields
A grouping and concentration of cairns and barrows, mainly for burials.

Beacon Barrows Cairnfield barrow group, aka Treen Common. SW 445 364. 50.1724 -5.5795.
Botrea cairnfield Six cairns plus four platform barrows, on an ancient trackway from Chûn Castle to Caer Bran and Boscawen-ûn. SW 4025 3120. 50.125091 -5.6347407.
Chapel Carn Brea Cairnfield on the summit and sides of the hill, Neolithic to Bronze Age.  SW 3858 2806. 50.094985 -5.6565808.
Foage cairnfield Six Bronze Age barrows on the side of Zennor Hill. SW 469 377. 50.1856 -5.54623.
Mulfra barrowfield Bronze age barrowfield NW of Mulfra Quoit. SW 450 355. 50.165186 -5.5720228.

Cairns & Barrows
A selection. Bronze age barrows, tumuli and cairns - solid, sometimes with urns or cists inside, sometimes kerbed with stones.
Also Bronze Age chambered cairns (in red) and Neolithic longbarrows (in purple).

Ballowall Barrow At Carn Gloose. Complex late Neolithic/Bronze Age chambered cairn in a dramatic clifftop location, built and modified in several stages. SW 3552 3125. 50.122261 -5.7014816.
Boscregan Cairns Three prominent clifftop cairns with cists or chambers, the southernmost being kerbed. SW 3579 2983. 50.109636 -5.6967298. See also Carn Creis and Letcha Cairn.
Bosiliack Barrow Late Neolithic chambered cairn, excavated and reconstructed. SW 4311 3421. 50.152162 -5.597515.
Boskednan N Large Bronze Age kerbed cairn, NW of Nine Maidens. SW 4324 3530. 50.162011 -5.596155.
Boskednan S Boskednan southern cairn, SE of Nine Maidens. SW 4350 3495. 50.158973 -5.592565.
Botallack Common Botallack Common barrow. One of several cairns in the Tregeseal complex. SW 3906 3260. 50.135944 -5.6529871.
Botrea Barrows Four Bronze Age platform barrows with panorama. SW 4033 3107. 50.122821 -5.6342901.
Brane Cairn Chambered cairn, intact. SW 4013 2818. 50.096767 -5.6350595.
Brane Longbarrow Neolithic long barrow – indistinct, unexcavated. SW 4018 2801. 50.095238 -5.6342231.
Carn Bean Two hilltop barrows on Carn Bean, part of Tregeseal complex. SW 3827 3314. 50.140443 -5.6643893.
Carn Creis Two clifftop barrows. One a denuded cairn with cist, the other with a propped central boulder and large kerb. SW 3577 2969. 50.108473 -5.6965.
Carn Lês Boel Cairn. Part of a possible complex of rock and cairn features. SW 3571 2325. 50.050583 -5.6932442.
Carn Lês Boel barrow. Carn Kenidjack is visible from the barrow, six miles away. SW 3578 2331. 50.051115 -5.6923656.
Chapel Carn Brea 2 Scillonian Chambered Cairn - summit cairn. SW 3860 2810. 50.095353 -5.6563291.
Chapel Carn Brea Longbarrow Neolithic hilltop long cairn. SW 3857 2799. 50.094352 -5.6566724.
Chy Praze Chy Praze or Carn Clough clifftop kerbed cairn with cist or chamber. SW 3929 3588. 50.165484 -5.6520199.
Conquer Cairn Bronze age cairn, aka Little Carnaquidden. Astronomically aligned to Beltane sunset as seen from Castle an Dinas. SW 4761 3546. 50.165316 -5.5354771.
Escalls Cliff cairn. SW 3622 2722. 50.086214 -5.689192.
Gundry Cave kerbed cairn. SW 4582 3767. 50.184388 -5.5619672.
Hannibal's Carn Cairn SW 4330 3590. 50.167414 -5.5960003.
Joppa Two barrows, one a ring barrow, aka Numphra. SW 3796 2964. 50.108983 -5.6663216.
LADY DOWNS B Bronze age barrow, aka Conquer Downs. SW 4699 3610. 50.170797 -5.5445666.
Lanyon Longbarrow Neolithic long barrow. Alleged to have originally covered Lanyon Quoit, but more likely to have adjoined it. SW 4297 3367. 50.147255 -5.5991067.
Letcha Cairn Clifftop kerbed cairn. SW 3570 3025. 50.113366 -5.6982765.
MAYON CLIFF 1 Round chambered cairn or cairn with cist, aka Carn Men Ellas. SW 3481 2602. 50.075005 -5.707763.
Nine Maidens Downs cairn, aka Tuban Broze, large and dilapidated. SW 4365 3521 50.161372 -5.5906447.
Pedn Mên Du tumulus. SW 3486 2607. 50.075477 -5.7071004.
Pennance 1 or Giant's Craw. Late Neolithic chambered cairn, quite intact. SW 4476 3753. 50.182423 -5.576112.
Pordenack Kerbed, clifftop chambered cairn, Bronze Age, damaged. SW 3468 2418. 50.058344 -5.7082937.
Portheras Common Kerbed round barrow with cist. SW 3914 3327. 50.141993 -5.6523284.
Rosewall Hill Two Bronze Age kerbed cairns. SW 4922 3917. 50.199520 -5.517122.
SANCREED BEACON round barrows. SW 4143 2947. 50.108887 -5.61777.
Treen Two Scillonian chambered cairns. SW 4380 3715. 50.178858 -5.589575. SW 4384 3710. 50.178418 -5.589262.
Tregeseal chambered cairn. SW 3805 3213. 50.131281 -5.6667678.
Tregiffian Scillonian chambered cairn. Late Neolithic, re-modelled in the Bronze Age. Part of Merry Maidens complex. SW 4304 2443. 50.064336 -5.5919434.
Tregiffian Vean Scillonian chambered cairn, in poor condition. SW 3725 2773. 50.091436 -5.67491.
Trendrine Cairns. Fine panorama. SW 4787 3875. 50.194959 -5.5340247.
Trewey 1 Likely late-Neolithic chambered cairn. SW 4596 3754. 50.183281 -5.5599232.
TRUTHWALL COMMON Bronze age chambered cairn, plus three barrows, some with cists. Part of Tregeseal complex. SW 3891 3258. 50.135699 -5.6550680.
WATCH CROFT cairn, built of stones. SW 4206 3572. 50.165213 -5.6132149.
Watch Croft cairn. SW 4204 3569. 50.164982 -5.6134778. West Penwith's highest point.

Menhirs
Selected visitable menhirs only. Many no longer exist, or are mentioned in old records or field names, or have been destroyed or moved and of uncertain original location. Also double menhirs, built as a pair (or with the Chyenhal menhirs, a triple menhir).

Banns Farm menhir. Built into a hedge. SW 4010 2638. 50.080572 -5.634231.
Beersheba menhir. SW 5252 3713. 50.182358 -5.468.
Blind Fiddler aka Trenuggo Longstone. SW 4252 2818. 50.097876 -5.601555.
Boscawen Rôs Double menhirs. Part of Merry Maidens complex. SW 4282 2394. 50.059743 -5.5947905. SW 4277 2393. 50.059743 -5.5953414.
Boscawen-ûn Hedge menhir. SW 4174 2772. 50.093278 -5.6122722.
Bosiliack hedge menhir by the side of a track to Ding Dong mine. SW 4369 3423. 50.152613 -5.5893725.
Bosistow Seal Stone hedge menhir, Higher Bosistow. Seal profile, pointing toward nearby seal caves. Found by David Giddings. SW 3653 2338. 50.052121 -5.6819630.
Boskednan menhir, aka Nine Maidens NW. Stump of menhir. Proxy menhir. SW 4338 3518. 50.160807 -5.5943835.
Boswens Menhir, a relay or proxy menhir for the Tregeseal complex. SW 4001 3290. 50.139054 -5.6399257.
Carbis Bay Longstone menhir by bus stop, Carbis Bay. SW 5304 3821. 50.192298 -5.461406.
Carfury menhir, a major hub relay menhir. Major alignment node. SW 4400 3399. 50.150603 -5.5849444.
Carn Eanes menhir. SW 3840 3374. 50.145885 -5.6629856. Menhir re-erected 1985.
Carn Lês Boel Gateway menhirs. Fallen menhir and intact propped menhir, serving as gateway stones at the entrance to the carn. SW 3569 2325. 50.050525 -5.6935417.
Castallack Carn menhir. SW 4474 2537. 50.073518 -5.5688338.
Chyangwens menhir, in hedge. SW 4186 2709. 50.087712 -5.610161.
Chyenhal E menhir. One of originally three menhirs aligned on St Micheal's Mount. SW 4506 2750. 50.092799 -5.5658353.
Drift menhirs aka the Sisters, double menhir. SW 4371 2831. 50.099464 -5.58517.
Ennis Farm menhir. SW 4475 2821. 50.099015 -5.5705902.
Faugan Stones. Double menhirs at Faugan Round, could be bronze or Iron Age. SW452282. 50.099117 -5.564304.
Gûn Rith  menhir. SW 4294 2447. 50.064663 -5.593334. Part of Merry Maidens complex.
KEMYEL-SWINGATE Collection of varying menhirs on Lamorna plateau. | SW 4587 2458. | 50.066910 -5.552549.
Kerris menhir. SW 4439 2742. 50.091768 -5.575085.
Kerrow Bosullow menhir in wall. SW 4145 3425. 50.151800 -5.6207315.
Kerrowe menhir, with two nearby round huts. SW 4523 3732. 50.180992 -5.569981.
Mayon menhir, Sennen. SW 3578 2595. 50.074775 -5.6941520.
Mên Scryfa Inscribed standing stone, likely a Bronze Age menhir carved upon in Iron Age times. SW 4269 3529. 50.161732 -5.6041035.
Pipers Double menhir (might have been triple). NE menhir is the largest extant menhir in Cornwall.  Part of Merry Maidens complex. SW 4355 2482. 50.067867 -5.585746.
Pridden The Pridden Stone, menhir. SW 4165 2660. 50.083455 -5.6121518.
Redhouse NE Double menhir. SW 4480 2663. 50.084854 -5.5688376. SW 4476 2658. 50.084584 -5.56881.
St Levan's Stone menhir in churchyard. SW 3803 2219. 50.042057 -5.660237.
Toldavas menhir. SW 4266 2671. 50.084648 -5.598745.
Tregaminion menhir, fallen, discovered and re-erected in 2019 excavations. SW 4012 3583. 50.165411 -5.6403331.
Trelew Longstone, menhir. SW 4217 2691. 50.086411 -5.605728.
Tremenheere menhir, re-erected. SW 4901 3296. 50.143370 -5.5143290.
Treryn Dinas menhir, recently restored, reported to be at exact correct location. SW 3985 2241, 50.04472 -5.63518.
Tresvannack Pillar menhir. SW 4418 2787. 50.095717 -5.578317.
Trevean 1 Propped menhir in hedge/wall. SW 3632 2296. 50.04822 -5.68452.
Trevean 2 Likely menhir, near springs. SW 3646 2289. 50.047657 -5.6826022.
Treverven menhir. SW 4082 2399. 50.059516 -5.622855.
Trevorgans menhir, fractured at the top, suggesting it was formerly higher. SW 4049 2613. 50.078517 -5.628623.
Trink Hill Giew Mine menhir, aka Trink Hill menhir. SW 502 3714. 50.181135 -5.500359.
Try menhir. SW 4597 3498. 50.160307 -5.5580744.
Watch Croft menhir. SW 4207 3568. 50.164905 -5.613039.

Stone Row
Row of menhirs. Only one known case exists in West Penwith.

Treveglos Treveglos stone row, Zennor. SW 4539 3888 to SW 4528 3891. 50.195050 -5.5686756 to 50.195287 -5.5703470. | A row of four upright stones, orientated 107.5 degrees. The largest stone at the SE end, 2.8m high, damaged by splitting and may have exceeded 3.0m – now serves as a gatepost. The NW stone has a prehistoric lynchet built up around it, height of 2.37m. The row is 117m long. Other stones possibly existed but have been robbed for use in the field hedges or as gateposts. The only known stone row in West Cornwall. Its classification as a stone row is disputed but the consensus in Penwith is favourable.

Holed Stones
Bronze age stones with holes bored through.

Mên an Tol Holed stone. Iconic. Originally part of a stone circle at the site. SW 4242 3499. 50.158864 -5.6076817.
Redhouse Holed stone. SW 4473 2668. 50.085272 -5.5698475.
Rosmodress Six holed stones, two of them documented and now missing. Part of Merry Maidens complex. SW 42772421. 50.062257 -5.5955295 (in hedge). SW 4315 2450. 50.065024 -5.5904255. SW 4326 2457. 50.065700 -5.5889386. SW 4365 2489. 50.068740 -5.5837145 (in farm wall). SW 4354 2449. 50.065103 -5.5849805 (reported by Borlase). SW 4353 2449. 50.065098 -5.5851200 (reported by Russell in 1971).
Tregeseal Five holed stones with holes central in flattish oblong stones. Not clear whether they are in their original precise locations. Their purpose is a debate and mystery. Might have been a stone row.  SW 3901 3261. 50.136012 -5.6536922.
Trelew Farm Holed stone. SW 41922680. 50.085135 -5.609128.

Placed Stones
Stones and rocks intentionally placed in certain locations in the Neolithic and Bronze Ages, and ancient boundary stones.

Bishop's Head & Foot parish boundary stone. SW 4638 3623. 50.171703 -5.5531784.
Bosistow Boulder on alignment crossing, probably Bronze Age. SW 3664 2338. 50.05213 -5.6804.
Carn Galva Propped stones on ridge between the two summits of Carn Galva. SW 4269 3617. 50.169573 -5.6047070. Also at SW 4279 3598. 50.167911 -5.6031811.
Castallack Hedge stone. SW 4542 2530. 50.073181 -5.5593031.
Chapel Curno Stone near Chapel Kernow. SW 3883 2255. 50.045641 -5.6493326.
Cribba Head Stone structure, unexplained, variously called an entrance grave or cist. SW 4032 2245. 50.045395 -5.6284971.
Four Parishes Stone  at meeting point of trackways below Carn Galva. SW 4298 3540. 50.162788 -5.6001344.
Table Maen Placed rock with likely cupmarks, aka King Arthur's Table. SW 3599 2540. 50.069966 -5.6908794.
Lanyon Stone in hedge. SW 4270 3395. 50.149651 -5.6030671.
Merry Maidens hedge stone. SW 4343 2452. 50.065324 -5.5865345.
Rosemergy Placed stone. SW 4275 3582. 50.166458 -5.6036319.
Selena Markstone SW 4068 2438. 50.062875 -5.6247859.
Sparnon Markstone at Sparnon. SW 3970 2390. 50.058000 -5.6379369.
Trevelloe Placed stone. SW 4510 2597. 50.079058 -5.5642126.
Treen Stone at Treen. SW 3916 2307. 50.050453 -5.6450871.
Treen Circle Placed stones in camp at Treryn Dinas. Once thought to be a stone circle, but unlikely. SW 3976 2226. 50.043445 -5.6361734.

Oriented Stones
Flattish rocks set vertically and oriented toward prominent landmarks, probably Neolithic.

Bosigran Castle Three adjacent oriented stones, aligned with one side pointing at the sea end of Pendeen Watch. SW 4156 3704. 50.17694, -5.62076.
Bosiliack Oriented stone, oriented on Godolphin Hill . SW 4373 3421. 50.152438 -5.5889195.
Carn Barra Oriented stones, pointing toward Carn Les Boel. | SW 3608 2277. 50.04638 -5.68778.
Carn Vellan Oriented stone below Trewellard. SW 3650 3417. 50.14895 -5.68979.
Chapel Carn Brea Two oriented stones, one oriented toward Carn Bosavern, the other toward Cape Cornwall. SW 3864 2812. 50.095527 -5.6558284.
Cribba Oriented stone, oriented on Treryn Dinas. Near coast path. SW 39906 22402. 50.04478 -5.63424.
Greeb Three aligned stones (aligned on the Armed Knight and Longships Rocks). SW 3448 2479. 50.063839 -5.7114713. SW 3454 2473. 50.063318 -5.7105785. SW 3461 2479. 50.063852 -5.7096414.
Kenidjack Castle Oriented stone, one side aligned on northernmost point of the Isles of Scilly. SW 3554 3256. 50.133994 -5.7020634.

Settlements
Prehistoric settlements, late Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman period - roundhuts (hut circles) and courtyard houses. Solitary hut circles mostly not included.

Beehive Hut Bosporthennis beehive hut, aka. The Crellas. Believed to be an above-ground fogou. Purpose as yet uncertain. SW 4378 3605. 50.168958 -5.5894349.
Bodrifty Iron Age Settlement. Reconstructed roundhut nearby. SW 445 354. 50.163444 -5.578896.
Bosigran 1 Bosigran late Bronze Age settlement. SW 4205 3677. 50.174679 -5.614057.|
Bosigran 4 Courtyard settlement with fogou. SW 4276 3712. 50.178130 -5.6043710.
Bosiliack Huts Late Bronze Age village, aka Lanyon. Fourteen roundhuts. SW 4283 3440. 50.153746 -5.601555.
Bosporthennis One of many settlements at Bosporthennis. Two courtyard houses with other roundhuts and field systems nearby. Iron age with medieval modifications. SW 4379 3599. 50.168433 -5.589213.
Bosullow Trehyllis Iron age courtyard house settlement, with well at SW 4087 3430. SW 4091 3422. 50.152009 -5.6284484.
Boswarva Carn Iron age settlement. SW 429 329. 50.140313 -5.599565.
Botrea Courtyard house, Iron Age. SW 4042 3076. 50.120026 -5.6327436.
Carnaquidden Downs Four Bronze Age hut circles. SW 4658 3568. 50.166851 -5.5500170.
Carn Euny Iron age settlement with fogou and nearby wells, restored. SW 4024 2885. 50.102804 -5.6339570.
Chysauster ancient village, Romano-British period, with earlier origins, restored. SW 472 350. 50.161012 -5.5409011.
Chysauster 2 Hut circles. SW 476346. 50.157592 -5.5350467.
Foage courtyard house settlement with fogou. SW 4660 3760. 50.184094 -5.5510164.
Goldherring ancient settlement, probably for artisans. SW 4105 2813. 50.096694 -5.622166. | Ancient well at SW 4117 2823. 50.097645 -5.6205589.
Higher Bodinnar courtyard house settlement. SW 4111 2821. 50.135217 -5.6187783.
Mulfra Vean settlement. SW 454 349. 50.159344 -5.5659852.
Nanjulian ancient courtyard house settlement. SW 3615 2888. 50.101270 -5.691049.
Nanquidno Downs hut circle settlement. SW 3673 2882. 50.100989 -5.6829151.
Porthmeor settlement complex with fogou. SW 4341 3703. 50.177604 -5.595225.
Sperris Croft ancient village. SW 4729 3841. 50.191574 -5.5417623.
Treen courtyard house settlement, well preserved. SW 4373 3721. 50.179359 -5.5908737.
Trevean 1 ancient settlement. SW 414 353. 50.161203 -5.6221429.
Trewey Bronze age settlement. SW 4634 3709. 50.179405 -5.5543109.
Wicca Round ancient settlement. SW 473 386. 50.193370 -5.5418953.

Holy Wells
Prehistoric and Christian holy wells. Many early Christian holy wells are prehistoric in origin.

Alsia Holy Well. SW 3929 2513. 50.068733 -5.644518.
Alverton Old Well Present structure dates from 1825, but the well is much older. SW 4683 3018. 50.117588 -5.5428701.
Baptistry Well Nanquidno. Well near old cross. SW 3623 2925. 50.104627 -5.6901887.
Boscaswell Holy well. Still functioning and well cared for by locals. SW 3768 3472. 50.154363 -5.6737163.
Bosporthennis A once-famous well, now forgotten but still extant. SW 4396 3633. 50.171559 -5.5870666.
Carn Boscubben Prehistoric well under Boscubben Carn. SW 4763 3859. 50.193421 -5.5372744.
Carn Kizzie Ancient well by footpath near Pedn Vounder. SW 3908 2240. 50.044404 -5.6457460.
Carnyorth Common Ancient well with stone surround and legendary associations. Possibly Old Moll's Well. SW 3913 3249. 50.135006 -5.6519357.
Castle Horneck Holy well. SW 4609 3018. 50.117272 -5.5532007.
Collorian holy well. Healing well. SW 5224 3472. 50.160627 -5.4702905.
Fairy Well Lelant Fairy Well. SW 536 386. 50.196025 -5.453799.
Fenton Saurus Stonework dated 1612 but probably older. SW 5417 3685. 50.180552 -5.4446961.
Keigwin Stone-built well of unknown antiquity. SW 3969 3453. 50.153486 -5.6455091.
Kelynack roadside well, recently restored. SW 3712 2996. 50.111394 -5.6782579.
Lower Leah Ancient well with an underground chamber. SW 4068 2757. 50.091507 -5.6269482.
Madron Well with baptistry nearby. SW 4456 3275. 50.139674 -5.5763075.
Newlyn doll-blessing well. SW 4649 2813. 50.099042 -5.5462557.
Porthmeor At least early medieval, could be earlier. SW 4307 3719. 50.179154 -5.6001636.
Rosemorran Sunken stone structure. SW 4665 3306. 50.143363 -5.5472960.
Sancreed Well Holy well and chapel, aka Chapel Downs Well. SW 4178 2928. 50.107335 -5.6127570.
St Anne's Well Trewoofe. Healing well, recently rediscovered. SW 4414 2546. 50.074068 -5.5772622.
St Buryan Ancient well in well house, now dry, beside road. SW 4087 2561. 50.073998 -5.6229694.
St Euny's Well St Euny's chapel and holy wells. SW 3997 2889. 50.103100 -5.6377126.
St Levan's Well St Levan. Medieval or ancient. Modernised. SW 3808 2193. 50.039746 -5.6593623.
Tregaminion Medieval holy well. SW 4013 3588. 50.166019 -5.640716.
Tregellast Well Cockwells. Well of unknown antiquity. SW 5183 3438. 50.157473 -5.4757038.
Treveglos Well near Zennor church. Probably prehistoric. SW 4550 3844. 50.191162 -5.5669561.
Trevessa Well Prehistoric and medieval. SW 4812 3962. 50.202875 -5.5311057.
Venton Bebibel Source of the Newlyn River under Carn Galva, 'well of the little people'. SW 429 352. 50.160957 -5.601117.
Venton East St Just. Name comes from Ust or St Just. Now defunct. SW 3728 3165. 50.126632 -5.6771882.
Venton Ia Holy well dedicated to Irish St Ia. SW 5150 4074. 50.214358 -5.4845661.
Venton Zennor holy well. SW 460 382. 50.189222 -5.559805.

Fogous
Iron age underground chambers and tunnels, unique to West Cornwall.

Boleigh Well preserved fogou (on private property). SW 4372 2519. 50.071463 -5.5829392.
Carbis Bay Iron age fogou. SW 5204 3882. 50.197349 -5.4757581.
Carn Euny Iron age fogou with adjoining chamber. SW 4024 2885. 50.102804 -5.6339570.
East Bosporthennis fogou. SW 4372 3671. 50.174866 -5.5906767.
Higher Bodinnar Giant's Holt or Higher Bodinnar fogou. Damaged. SW 4150 3230. 50.134320 -5.6187105.
Keigwyn Destroyed fogou.  SW 3976 3447. 50.153035 -5.6444891.
Lower Boscaswell Lower Boscaswell Fogou. SW 3767 3484 50.155435 -5.6739387.
Park Vorn fogou. SW 4404 3467. 50.156693 -5.584832.
Pendeen Vau fogou. In farmyard. SW 38365 35533. 50.161961 -5.664706.

Carns, Rocks, Hills, Headlands
Prominent tor rocks, hills and coastal features.

Aire Point Natural headland north of Sennen. SW 358 282. 50.094859 -5.6934719.
Armed Knight Stack or outcrop. SW 3408 2469. 50.062759 -5.7170491.
Bojewans Carn Inland outcrop. SW 4308 2710. 50.088339 -5.592869.
Boscobben Carn Natural carn, cup marks in rocks. SW 4763 3862. 50.193537 -5.5373949.
Boswarva Carn Natural carn with a placed, balanced rock on it. SW 4294 3322. 50.143195 -5.5991796.
Bosworlas Lehau The Giant's Quoits. SW 378 305. 50.116540 -5.669138.
Brisons The Brisons, prominent offshore rocks (from Brisant = reef, French). SW 3407 3110. 50.12039 -5.72229.
Carn Boel Prominent headland. Many rock simulacra nearby. SW 348 238. 50.055723 -5.7057236.
Carn Cravah Rock outcrop. SW 3540 2380. 50.055329 -5.6980348.
Carn Dû Prominent rock carn at head of Kemyel Point. With Kemyel Point, a probably cliff castle. SW 456 238. 50.059993 -5.5546519.
Carn Glaze Natural carn. SW 3990 2977. 50.110921 -5.6393288.
Carn Gloose Carn Gluz. Prominent rock carn or outcrop. SW 3534 3126. 50.122303 -5.7040052.
Carn Guthensbras NW end of Tol Pedn peninsula at Gwennap Head. SW 3590 2260. 50.044856 -5.6901727.
Carn Naun Rock outcrop. Suspected cliff castle. SW 4769 4103. 50.215307 -5.5380583.
Carn Stabba Natural carn with logan stone, solution basins and interesting rocks, in sight of Trencrom Hill. SW 5066 3906. 50.198923 -5.495214.
Carn Vrês Significant outcrop overlooking the Tregeseal stone circles. SW 386 322. 50.132705  -5.6581553.
Carrick Dû Rock outcrop. SW 5119 4103. 50.216822 -5.4891075.
Creeg Tol Noteworthy rock outcrop with solution basins, overlooking Boscawen-ûn and probably in use before it was built. SW 4104 2755. 50.091484 -5.621912.
Gear Rock Submerged offshore rocks off Penzance Jubilee Pool. Stone arrowhead factory in Mesolithic times. SW 479 294. 50.111042 -5.5274172.
Giant's Rock Reputedly a rocking stone or logan rock. | SW 455 388. 50.194393 -5.567197.
Hella Point Prominent rock outcrop, Porthgwarra. SW 37075 21445. 50.034954 -5.6730355.
Lady Downs Lady Downs stone (outcrop). SW 4684 3666. 50.175759 -5.5470356.
Longships Rocks SW 3215 2507. 50.065288 -5.7441919. Prominent rocks off Land's End (now hosting a lighthouse).
Peal, The The Peal, offshore rocks, Land's End. SW 3405 2543. 50.06949 -5.71831.
Rosewall Hill Carn Natural hilltop carn. SW 4876 3913. 50.198626 -5.5213017..
Roskilly Rocks SW 4721 2728. 50.091698 -5.5356970..
Runnel Stone Submerged rock, formerly visible above water level, now invisible and marked by a buoy. SW 369 200. 50.021904 -5.674482
Sperris Carn Prominent rock. SW 4698 3850. 50.19234 -5.54627.
St Clement's Isle Off Mousehole. Once home of a Christian hermit. SW 474 261. 50.081207 -5.5322151.
Table Maen Recumbent stone with cup marks. SW 3589 2586. 50.074050 -5.6925913.
Tom Thumb Rock Natural rock, with local folklore traditions. SW 3684 3061.50.117103 -5.6826138.
Treryn Dinas Logan rock, Treryn Dinas. SW 3971 2202. 50.041269 -5.6367073.
Trevelloe Carn Aka Trevella Carn and Giant's Rock. Natural rock feature. SW 445 261. 50.079967 -5.5726687.
Twelve O'Clock Rock Natural rock outcrop on side of Trink Hill. SW 5053 3708. 50.181095 -5.4957327.
Wolf Rock Rock outcrop in the ocean, now hosting a lighthouse. SW 2688 1196. 49.945316 -5.808333.
Zennor Head Headland. SW 4498 3937. 50.199278 -5.5748452.
Zennor Hill Logan rock, Zennor Hill. SW 4631 3818. 50.189176 -5.5554575.

Queried Sites
Existing sites with unknown or questioned purpose, and also documented sites no longer in existence.

Boleigh Possible stone circle (disappeared). More likely a stone setting. Seven stones reported by antiquarians, removed in late 19th C.  SW 4320 2445.  50.064597 -5.5896948.
Botallack Rings Triple stone rings, destroyed. Not a classic stone circle. Unlikely also to be hut circles. Reported by Borlase. SW 3669 3311. 50.139474 -5.6864331.
Carn Naun Suspected type two cliff sanctuary, with flat area above and rock outcrop below. SW 476 408. 50.21327 -5.53793.
Higher Trevorian Possible stone circle (marked on old OS maps and mentioned by Borlase). Also identified as an Iron Age round or a Bronze Age stone enclosure. | SW 4169 2627. 50.080331 -5.6119757.
Giant's Grave Possible quoit/cromlech, destroyed. Does not conform to alignment patterns usually found at quoits. SW 4026 3560. 50.163397 -5.6382752.
Grumbla Cromlech Destroyed, with a few traces left. Suggested as a quoit (on the basis of the Grumbla place name) but uncertain - could be a chambered cairn or stone setting. SW 4049 2954. 50.109072 -5.6309872.
Kemyel Point Headland - likely type two cliff sanctuary. SW 4570 2411. 50.06254 -5.55474.
Redhouse Alleged Bronze Age stone circle, described by Halliwell. No trace, though possible stones are built into a nearby hedge. Significant alignment centre. SW 4481 2622. 50.081178 -5.5684245.
Rosemergy Possible stone circle, destroyed. No sign at its location (which was found by dowsing), though some suspect stones are in neighbouring stone hedges. Ask for permission to enter. SW 4179 3646. 50.171785 -5.6174528.
Treen Common Circle Incomplete circle of stones, not a classic stone circle. Aka Porthmeor Circle. Could be Neolithic or Bronze Age. Likely a ritual site because of proximity of Beacon Barrows cairnfield. SW 4445 3665. 50.17464254 -5.580433538.
Shining Land
A book by Palden Jenkins about the ancient sites of West Penwith in Cornwall
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