Part One | Megalithic Sites and West Penwith - Shining Land

Shining Land
The ancient sites of West Penwith, Cornwall
Palden Jenkins
Shining Land
and what they tell us about megalithic civilisation
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Part One | Megalithic Sites and West Penwith

Maps and images from Chapter One:
About West Penwith
Map of the Holy Hills of West Penwith, Cornwall
West Penwith is a surprisingly important area for megalithic sites. West Penwith or Belerion is the toe at the far end of Cornwall in the southwest of the Isles of Britain.

Dense with ancient sites, its rich prehistory goes back 6,000 years. The achievements of Britain’s megalithic civilisation are well represented on this rather remote peninsula.
Trencrom Hill and Carn Brea
Chun Quoit
Chûn Quoit, the one fully-intact quoit remaining in West Penwith, dating from around 3,500 BCE and a remarkable feat of engineering for its time.
Two Neolithic tor enclosures, from the mid-3000s BCE. In front, Trencrom Hill, guarding the eastern edge of the peninsula, and behind, Carn Brea, above Camborne, another tor enclosure a full day's walk from Trencrom Hill.
Nine Maidens stone circle
Placed stone on Zennor Hill
A Neolithic placed stone on Sperris Croft (Zennor Hill)
The Nine Maidens or Boskednan stone circle
Map of the ancient sites of West Penwith
To see larger versions, click here
Maps and images from Chapter Two:
Energy Fields and Alignments
Map of the ancient site alignments in West Penwith, Cornwall
Map of Ancient Site Alignments in West Penwith
For larger versions, click here.
The Main Megalithic Areas of Britain and Ireland
There were around 15-20 main megalithic areas in Britain and Ireland, of which West Penwith was one.
In Britain megalithic areas were concentrated in the west and north, around the Irish Sea.
The Men an Tol
The Mȇn an Tol, formerly a stone circle. Most of the stones are still possible to find at the site. The current arrangement of stones was made in Victorian times.
Map showing how Lanyon Quoit was located on intersecting backbone alignments
Lanyon Quoit Backbone Alignments
Maps and images from Chapter Three:
Why were Megaliths Built?
The Seal Stone, Higher Bosistow
The Quartz Stone, Boscawen-ûn
The Quartz Stone, Boscawen-ûn
The Seal Stone, Higher Bosistow
The Mȇn an Tol
Looking into Chûn Quoit through the main gap
Looking into Chûn Quoit through the main gap,
 with the blocking stone opposite
The Mȇn an Tol
Maps and images from Chapter Four:
Starting Propositions
Empty areas and Penwith's two halves
Map of the ancient sites of West Penwith, showing areas relatively empty of sites (probably patches of wildwood in the bronze age) and the two halves of Penwith. In the Neolithic 3000s, the main area of occupation was in the northern uplands, but in the later 2000s, in the Bronze Age, the south was fully colonised and developed.
Map of the cliff sanctuaries in West Penwith, showing how many of the ancient sites are placed on alignments between them (and Neolithic tors). The cliff sanctuaries form a ring of light around the peninsula. They were key sites in the Neolithic, and this continued through the Bronze and Iron Ages.
Map of the Cliff Sanctuaries in West Penwith
Carn Galva as seen from Caer Brân
Shining Land
A book by Palden Jenkins about the ancient sites of West Penwith in Cornwall
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